Rising sea levels will reduce extreme temperature variations in tide-dominated reef habitats

Ryan J. Lowe, Xavier R. Pivan, James Falter, Graham Symonds, Renee Gruber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Temperatures within shallow reefs often differ substantially from those in the surrounding ocean; therefore, predicting future patterns of thermal stresses and bleaching at the scaleof reefs depends on accurately predicting reef heat budgets. We present a new framework for quantifying how tidal and solar heating cycles interact with reefmorphology to control diurnal temperature extremes within shallow, tidally forced reefs. Using data from northwestern Australia, we construct a heat budget model to investigate how frequency differences between the dominant lunar semidiurnal tide and diurnal solar cycle drive similar to 15-day modulations in diurnal temperature extremes. The model is extended to show how reefs with tidal amplitudes comparable to their depth, relative to mean sea level, tend to experience the largest temperature extremes globally. As a consequence, we reveal how even a modest sea level rise can substantially reduce temperature extremes within tide-dominated reefs, thereby partially offsetting the local effects of future ocean warming.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1600825
JournalScience Advances
Volume2
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2016

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