Genomes of many eukaryotic species have a defined three-dimensional architecture critical for cellular processes. They are partitioned into topologically associated domains (TADs), defined as regions of high chromatin inter-connectivity. While TADs are not a prominent feature of A. thaliana genome organization, they have been reported for other plants including rice, maize, tomato and cotton and for which TAD formation appears to be linked to transcription and chromatin epigenetic status. Here we show that in the rice genome, sequence variation and meiotic recombination rate correlate with the 3D genome structure. TADs display increased SNP and SV density and higher recombination rate compared to inter-TAD regions. We associate the observed differences with the TAD epigenetic landscape, TE composition and an increased incidence of meiotic crossovers.