Rhodium(I)-α-Phenylvinylfluorenyl Complexes: Synthesis, Characterization, and Evaluation as Initiators in the Stereospecific Polymerization of Phenylacetylene

Nicholas Sheng Loong Tan, Peter V. Simpson, Gareth L. Nealon, Alexandre N. Sobolev, Paolo Raiteri, Massimiliano Massi, Mark I. Ogden, Andrew B. Lowe

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The synthesis, characterization and use, as initiators for phenylacetylene polymerizations, of three new rhodium(I)-vinyl complexes containing fluorenyl functionality with fluorine-functionalized phosphine ligands is described. Rh(nbd)(CPh=CFlu)P(4-FC6H4)3, Rh(nbd)(CPh=CFlu)P(4-CF3C6H4)3, and Rh(nbd)(CPh=CFlu)P[3,5-(CF3)2C6H3]3 (nbd: 2,5-norbornadiene; Flu: fluorenyl) were prepared and isolated as discrete, orange compounds and were readily recrystallized yielding X-ray quality crystals. All complexes were characterized by a combination of 1H, 31P, 19F, 103Rh NMR spectroscopy and 2D 31P-103Rh/31P-103Rh{103Rh} heteronuclear multiple-quantum correlation (HMQC) experiments, elemental analysis, and single-crystal X-ray analysis. The complexes were active as initiators in the co-ordination insertion polymerization of phenylacetylene, with initiation efficiencies spanning the range 13–56 %, and yielded polyphenylacetylenes of low dispersity (Ð = Mw/Mn) with high cis-transoidal stereoregularity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)592-601
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 7 Feb 2019


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