Revisiting the perception of upside-down faces

J.E. Murray, E. Yong, Gillian Rhodes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

129 Citations (Scopus)


In two experiments, the effect of orientation on face perception was assessed Using a scale from 1 (normal) to 7 (bizarre), participants rated normal, unaltered faces and faces in which changes had been made to spatial-relational properties (eyes and mouth inverted or relative position of the eyes and mouth altered) or to component properties (eyes whitened and teeth blackened). For unaltered and component-distortion faces, bizarreness ratings increased linearly as orientation increased from 0 degrees to 180 degrees. For spatial-distortion faces, a discontinuity in the function relating orientation and bizarreness was in evidence between 90 degrees and 120 degrees. The results provide support for the view that there is a qualitative difference in the processing of upright and inverted faces due to the disproportionate effect of inversion on the encoding of spatial-relational information.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)498-502
JournalPsychological Science
Issue numberN/A
Publication statusPublished - 2000


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