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The ever increasing electromagnetic energy and multiple reflections of electromagnetic wave (EMW) impair human health and information security. The EMW absorbing cementitious material paves an innovative way to improve EMW absorbing performance of concrete structures. This study will elaborate on the EMW absorbing mechanism including energy exhaustion and impedance matching. A comprehensive review on the raw absorbent cementitious materials and the relevant preparation methods to be integrated into EMW absorbing concrete. Two new theoretical models are proposed including optimization zone model and equivalent electromagnetic parameter model to improve the current transform line model. Subsequently, the measurement and evaluation methodologies for EMW absorbing performance of cementitious materials are summarized. The expected research topics and applications of EMW absorbing cementitious materials are suggested. Through this critical review on the research status of EMW absorbing concrete, suggestions for optimizing the performance and workability of cementitious material are made to promote large-scale 3D printing technology.