Review demonstrates that less invasive surfactant administration in preterm neonates leads to fewer complications

Ludwig Gortner, Simone S. Schüller, Egbert Herting

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Surfactant treatment of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) was introduced in Europe during the 1990s. Meta-analyses have indicated that using less invasive surfactant administration techniques on preterm neonates receiving continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) results in improved survival rates without bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Surfactant should be administered early and ventilator settings adapted to changing oxygen requirements and lung mechanics. Side effects including initial bradycardia, oxygen desaturation, tube obstruction and isolated cases of pulmonary haemorrhage have been reported. Conclusion: Less invasive surfactant therapy improves pulmonary outcomes in preterm neonates with RDS and should ideally be administered in combination with CPAP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)736-743
Number of pages8
JournalActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
Volume107
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2018
Externally publishedYes

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