Retrospective investigation of postoperative outcome after reversal of residual neuromuscular blockade: Sugammadex, neostigmine or no reversal

Thomas Ledowski, L. Falke, F. Johnston, Emily Gillies, Matthew Greenaway, Ayala De Mel, Eda Tiong, Michael Phillips

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND Postoperative residual neuromuscular blockade (RNMB) is associated with significant morbidity. OBJECTIVE The aim of this retrospective data analysis was to investigate the influence of the method of RNMB reversal on postoperative outcome. SETTING Tertiary teaching hospital in Western Australia. PATIENTS With Ethics Committee approval, data from 1444 patients who received at least one dose of a non-depolarising muscle relaxant intraoperatively during 2011 were analysed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Endpoints included unwanted events in the postanaesthesia care unit (PACU); symptoms of pulmonary complications within 7 postoperative days (0 to 100 outcome score based on 'temperature >388C', 'leucocyte count >11109 l±1', 'physical examination consistent with pneumonia' and 'shortness of breath'); PACU turnover time; and length of hospital stay. RESULTS Data from 1444 patients (722 sugammadex, 212 neostigmine and 510 no-reversal) were analysed. The incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in PACU was higher in neostigmine-reversed than sugammadex-reversed patients (21.5 vs. 13.6%; P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-429
JournalEuropean Journal of Anaesthesiology
Volume31
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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