Rethinking use and trade of pelagic sharks from Brazil

R. R. Barreto, H. Bornatowski, F. S. Motta, J. Santander-Neto, G. M. S. Vianna, R. Lessa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Brazil currently ranks as the 11th producer and 1st importer of shark meat around the world. Data available from the FAO software FishStatJ along with data from regional sources, such as governmental bulletins, scientific papers, gray literature and internet were revisited to identify the main issues surrounding pelagic shark fisheries, trade and consumption in the largest country in South America. Among the main findings, it was noted that Brazil has not properly collected fishery statistics since 2007, that many species of threatened sharks are freely landed and traded even though it is prohibited by local legislation and/or international recommendations (regional fisheries management organizations). The blue shark (Prionace glauca) is the most frequently recorded shark in the official bulletins and is currently a locally targeted species. Additionally, the significant imports of this species from 23 other countries that also provide fins for Asia has drawn attention in recent decades. Regarding consumption, shark is considered to be low-value seafood compared to more common fish, such as groupers and snappers, and most Brazilians actually do not know that they are eating sharks. At present, the proportion of threatened elasmobranchs (in which sharks are included) in Brazil (33%, of 145 species) exceeds the global rate identified for the group (25%), and, until the present moment, no measure related to the management of species has been implemented. As advice, Brazil urgently needs to restructure its fishery information collection systems, management strategies and to tighten sanitary and labeling regulations for the marketing of fish.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-122
Number of pages9
JournalMarine Policy
Volume85
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017
Externally publishedYes

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shark
sharks
fishery
Brazil
bulletin
Prionace glauca
management
gray literature
information collection
FAO
present
eating behavior
shark fishery
import
fishery statistics
fisheries
producer
fisheries statistics
marketing
pelagic fishery

Cite this

Barreto, R. R., Bornatowski, H., Motta, F. S., Santander-Neto, J., Vianna, G. M. S., & Lessa, R. (2017). Rethinking use and trade of pelagic sharks from Brazil. Marine Policy, 85, 114-122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2017.08.016
Barreto, R. R. ; Bornatowski, H. ; Motta, F. S. ; Santander-Neto, J. ; Vianna, G. M. S. ; Lessa, R. / Rethinking use and trade of pelagic sharks from Brazil. In: Marine Policy. 2017 ; Vol. 85. pp. 114-122.
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Barreto, RR, Bornatowski, H, Motta, FS, Santander-Neto, J, Vianna, GMS & Lessa, R 2017, 'Rethinking use and trade of pelagic sharks from Brazil' Marine Policy, vol. 85, pp. 114-122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2017.08.016

Rethinking use and trade of pelagic sharks from Brazil. / Barreto, R. R.; Bornatowski, H.; Motta, F. S.; Santander-Neto, J.; Vianna, G. M. S.; Lessa, R.

In: Marine Policy, Vol. 85, 11.2017, p. 114-122.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Barreto RR, Bornatowski H, Motta FS, Santander-Neto J, Vianna GMS, Lessa R. Rethinking use and trade of pelagic sharks from Brazil. Marine Policy. 2017 Nov;85:114-122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2017.08.016