Retention of safe diving skills

J.D. Blitvich, G.K. Mcelroy, Brian Blanksby, H.E. Parker

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    5 Citations (Scopus)


    This study investigated diving skill maintenance over an eight-month retentionperiod following an intervention program. Thirty-four recreational swimmers withpoor diving skills were measured before and immediately after a diving skillsintervention program. Twenty-two returned for follow-up evaluation. Treadwater,Deck and Block dives were video-recorded, and maximum depth, distance, velocity,entry angle and flight distance were compared. Underwater hand and arm positionswere examined. Pre-intervention, a breaststroke arm action before maximum depthoccurred in 18% of all dives and 38% of Treadwater dives. This was eliminated postintervention,improving head protection. The Treadwater dive elicited the greatestmean maximum depth, and ANOVA showed depth for this entry decreased (improved)following intervention and remained shallower at follow-up. Deck and Block divesalso became shallower following intervention. As seven 10-minute skills sessionsresulted in shallower dives with safer hand and arm positions, including safe divingskills in learn-to-swim programs can provide a diving spinal cord injury preventionstrategy.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)155-165
    JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2003


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