Results of a critical state line testing round robin programme

David Reid, Andy Fourie, Juan Luis Ayala, Simon Dickinson, Felipe Ochoa-Cornejo, Riccardo Fanni, Juan Garfias, António Viana Da Fonseca, Mason Ghafghazi, Carlos Ovalle, Michael Riemer, Amin Rismanchian, Roberto Olivera, Gonzalo Suazo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


A critical state testing round robin programme was carried out on sandy silt gold tailings. This involved 15 laboratories around the world testing a sandy silt tailings to infer its critical state line (CSL). Methods to be used were intentionally not supplied to participants, to enable the current methods being employed in industry and academia to be obtained in an unbiased manner. All but one of the laboratories involved in the study used the moist tamping sample preparation technique, generally to produce loose, contractive specimens. Void ratio was measured using a variety of means, including cell calibration, end-of-test water content and end-of-test soil freezing (EOTSF) to assist in measuring the final water content. Of the 15 entries, four were excluded from the primary comparison owing to various issues that appear to have led to their divergence from most of the entries received. Of the remaining entries, the best reproducibility was produced by laboratories that used EOTSF to measure void ratio. Most other test procedure variations appeared to have a negligible effect, with the exception of fixing of the top platen and possibly sample size. A CSL elevation range of 0·04 void ratio for laboratories using EOTSF was observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)616-630
Number of pages15
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021


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