Response based design metocean conditions for a permanently moored FPSO during tropical cyclones: Estimation of greenwater risk

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Abstract

Response based analysis (RBA) is used to establish the design metocean conditions (DMCs) of a generic weather-vaning FPSO off the North West Shelf (NWS) of Australia for determining greenwater severity. A vessel heading prediction tool, an essential component of the RBA analysis for weather-vaning vessels, is developed and evaluated by comparing with full-scale measurements from an operating FPSO. Locations at the bow, amidships and the stern of the vessel are found to be susceptible to greenwater risks and the vessel is often exposed to oblique waves during tropical cyclones. Long-term extrapolation is performed to estimate 1 in. N-year return relative wave-vessel motions represented by both the most probable maximum relative wave-vessel motion within a storm r mp , and the maximum individual relative wave-vessel motion r Max . It is observed that r Max ˜ (1.1–1.2) r mp . The use of r Max allows for the variability of the short term maxima per storm and also the fact that the peak in response might not come in the most severe sea-state. Given the focus on greenwater rather than wave severity, the slightly larger value of r Max at a given return period is used for assessment of greenwater risk. The sea-states that lead to r Max at a 1 in 100 year level are identified and subsequently used for characterising the wave groups causing maximum relative wave-vessel motion at various locations around the vessel. For a given location, the shapes of the wave time histories which give rise to extreme relative wave-vessel motions in a set of design metocean conditions are similar, indicating that a ‘design wave’, derived within the framework of linear wave theory, may be a useful approach to tackle highly nonlinear and complex greenwater overtopping problems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-127
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Ocean Research
Volume89
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019

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@article{4bc94d1f316146969e9cabb2a92df2b1,
title = "Response based design metocean conditions for a permanently moored FPSO during tropical cyclones: Estimation of greenwater risk",
abstract = "Response based analysis (RBA) is used to establish the design metocean conditions (DMCs) of a generic weather-vaning FPSO off the North West Shelf (NWS) of Australia for determining greenwater severity. A vessel heading prediction tool, an essential component of the RBA analysis for weather-vaning vessels, is developed and evaluated by comparing with full-scale measurements from an operating FPSO. Locations at the bow, amidships and the stern of the vessel are found to be susceptible to greenwater risks and the vessel is often exposed to oblique waves during tropical cyclones. Long-term extrapolation is performed to estimate 1 in. N-year return relative wave-vessel motions represented by both the most probable maximum relative wave-vessel motion within a storm r mp , and the maximum individual relative wave-vessel motion r Max . It is observed that r Max ˜ (1.1–1.2) r mp . The use of r Max allows for the variability of the short term maxima per storm and also the fact that the peak in response might not come in the most severe sea-state. Given the focus on greenwater rather than wave severity, the slightly larger value of r Max at a given return period is used for assessment of greenwater risk. The sea-states that lead to r Max at a 1 in 100 year level are identified and subsequently used for characterising the wave groups causing maximum relative wave-vessel motion at various locations around the vessel. For a given location, the shapes of the wave time histories which give rise to extreme relative wave-vessel motions in a set of design metocean conditions are similar, indicating that a ‘design wave’, derived within the framework of linear wave theory, may be a useful approach to tackle highly nonlinear and complex greenwater overtopping problems.",
keywords = "1 in N-year return relative wave-vessel motions, Design metocean conditions, Design wave groups, Greenwater, Heading analysis, Permanently moored FPSO, Response based analysis, Tropical cyclones",
author = "L. Chen and Taylor, {P. H.} and S. Draper and H. Wolgamot and Milne, {I. A.} and Whelan, {J. R.}",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.apor.2019.05.003",
language = "English",
volume = "89",
pages = "115--127",
journal = "Applied Ocean Research",
issn = "0141-1187",
publisher = "Elsevier",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Response based design metocean conditions for a permanently moored FPSO during tropical cyclones

T2 - Estimation of greenwater risk

AU - Chen, L.

AU - Taylor, P. H.

AU - Draper, S.

AU - Wolgamot, H.

AU - Milne, I. A.

AU - Whelan, J. R.

PY - 2019/8/1

Y1 - 2019/8/1

N2 - Response based analysis (RBA) is used to establish the design metocean conditions (DMCs) of a generic weather-vaning FPSO off the North West Shelf (NWS) of Australia for determining greenwater severity. A vessel heading prediction tool, an essential component of the RBA analysis for weather-vaning vessels, is developed and evaluated by comparing with full-scale measurements from an operating FPSO. Locations at the bow, amidships and the stern of the vessel are found to be susceptible to greenwater risks and the vessel is often exposed to oblique waves during tropical cyclones. Long-term extrapolation is performed to estimate 1 in. N-year return relative wave-vessel motions represented by both the most probable maximum relative wave-vessel motion within a storm r mp , and the maximum individual relative wave-vessel motion r Max . It is observed that r Max ˜ (1.1–1.2) r mp . The use of r Max allows for the variability of the short term maxima per storm and also the fact that the peak in response might not come in the most severe sea-state. Given the focus on greenwater rather than wave severity, the slightly larger value of r Max at a given return period is used for assessment of greenwater risk. The sea-states that lead to r Max at a 1 in 100 year level are identified and subsequently used for characterising the wave groups causing maximum relative wave-vessel motion at various locations around the vessel. For a given location, the shapes of the wave time histories which give rise to extreme relative wave-vessel motions in a set of design metocean conditions are similar, indicating that a ‘design wave’, derived within the framework of linear wave theory, may be a useful approach to tackle highly nonlinear and complex greenwater overtopping problems.

AB - Response based analysis (RBA) is used to establish the design metocean conditions (DMCs) of a generic weather-vaning FPSO off the North West Shelf (NWS) of Australia for determining greenwater severity. A vessel heading prediction tool, an essential component of the RBA analysis for weather-vaning vessels, is developed and evaluated by comparing with full-scale measurements from an operating FPSO. Locations at the bow, amidships and the stern of the vessel are found to be susceptible to greenwater risks and the vessel is often exposed to oblique waves during tropical cyclones. Long-term extrapolation is performed to estimate 1 in. N-year return relative wave-vessel motions represented by both the most probable maximum relative wave-vessel motion within a storm r mp , and the maximum individual relative wave-vessel motion r Max . It is observed that r Max ˜ (1.1–1.2) r mp . The use of r Max allows for the variability of the short term maxima per storm and also the fact that the peak in response might not come in the most severe sea-state. Given the focus on greenwater rather than wave severity, the slightly larger value of r Max at a given return period is used for assessment of greenwater risk. The sea-states that lead to r Max at a 1 in 100 year level are identified and subsequently used for characterising the wave groups causing maximum relative wave-vessel motion at various locations around the vessel. For a given location, the shapes of the wave time histories which give rise to extreme relative wave-vessel motions in a set of design metocean conditions are similar, indicating that a ‘design wave’, derived within the framework of linear wave theory, may be a useful approach to tackle highly nonlinear and complex greenwater overtopping problems.

KW - 1 in N-year return relative wave-vessel motions

KW - Design metocean conditions

KW - Design wave groups

KW - Greenwater

KW - Heading analysis

KW - Permanently moored FPSO

KW - Response based analysis

KW - Tropical cyclones

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85065917103&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.apor.2019.05.003

DO - 10.1016/j.apor.2019.05.003

M3 - Article

VL - 89

SP - 115

EP - 127

JO - Applied Ocean Research

JF - Applied Ocean Research

SN - 0141-1187

ER -