Respiration of Senecio Shoots: Inhibition during Photosynthesis, Resistance to Cyanide and Relation to Growth and Maintenance


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Respiration and dry matter producation were measured in shoots of senecia aquaticus Hill, which is flood tolerant and in shoots of S. jacobaea L., which is flood‐ sensitive. Both species were grown in culture solutions of high and of low oxygen concentration Growth of food of S. jacobaca was unaffected by a low oxygen supply bur growth of S. jacobaca was severly hampered by a low oxygen concentration in the root medium. Kinetic data about the rate of apparent photosynthesis at low oxygen conetration and different carbon dioxide concentrations indicated that at light saturation respiration was strongly repressed during photosynthesis. Shoot growth respiration, i.e. the amount of carbon dioxide produced for synthesis of shoot dry, matter appeared to be absent on S. jacobaea and to be very low ( CO2/g dry shoots) in S. aquaticus. In comparison with values prepiration rate was 2.8. 2.0. 1.5 and 1.3mg CO2/h.g dry shoots in aerobically and anaerobically growth S. jacobaea and in aerobically and anaerobically growth S. aquabaea respectively. These values were also low in comprision with values previously found for roots of the same species. Shoot dark respiration on S. aquaticus was inbihitedd by a com bination on CN and salicylhydroxamic acid (SHAM), but not by application on one of these inhibitors alone. It was therefore concluded that an alternative oxidative pathway was present but not active in shoots of S. aquaticus. In the absence of inhibited of the cylochorome pathway. The low value of growth respiration and maintenance respiration rate in the shoots as compared with those in the roots of the investigated Sencio species are discussed in relation to the activity of the alternative oxidative pathway and to the possibilbity of a direct supply of ATP by photosynthesis intead of respiratory meta bolism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-356
Number of pages6
JournalPhysiologia Plantarum
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1979
Externally publishedYes


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