Resistance of Blended Cement Pastes to Leaching in Distilled Water at Ambient and Higher Temperatures

T.H. Wee, J. Zhu, Hui Chua, S.F. Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


This paper outlines an investigation on the resistance of ordinary portland cement (OPC) pastes with and without mineral admixtures to leaching in distilled water at ambient and elevated temperatures of approximately 30 and 80 C, respectively. The effects of water-binder ratio (w/b), mineral admixtures, microstructure, and water-curing period were also explored An immersion test using thin plate specimens was conducted to accelerate and study the leaching behavior of these materials in distilled water Mercury intrusion porosimetry was performed to examine the change in microstructure, while thermogravimetric analysis was carried our to determine the free calcium hydroxide and calcium carbonate contents within the cement matrix. Based on visual observation together with change in mass, pare structure, porosity, free calcium hydroxide, and calcium carbonate contents, the resistance of cement pastes to leaching was evaluated and guidelines on the design of concrete structures subjected to leaching in distilled It ater at both ambient and higher temperatures are provided.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-193
JournalACI Materials Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2001


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