Reservoir computing with swarms

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Abstract

We study swarms as dynamical systems for reservoir computing (RC). By example of a modified Reynolds boids model, the specific symmetries and dynamical properties of a swarm are explored with respect to a nonlinear time-series prediction task. Specifically, we seek to extract meaningful information about a predator-like driving signal from the swarm's response to that signal. We find thatthe naïve implementation of a swarm for computation is very inefficient, as permutation symmetry of the individual agents reduces the computational capacity. To circumvent this, we distinguish between the computational substrate of the swarm and a separate observation layer, in which the swarm's response is measured for use in the task. We demonstrate the implementation of a radial basis-localized observation layer for this task. The behavior of the swarm is characterized by order parameters and measures of consistency and related to the performance of the swarm as a reservoir. The relationship between RC performance and swarm behavior demonstrates that optimal computational properties are obtained near a phase transition regime.

Original languageEnglish
Article number033121
JournalChaos
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2021

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