Research and developmental issues in dryland agriculture

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Drylands span more than 40 % of the global land area and house about 38 % of the world population. Agriculture in dryland areas is and will remain central to the provision of food and livelihoods for the ever-escalating global population. The biggest challenges faced by farmers in the drylands are unsustainable crop yields, frequent drought spells, weather variability, high rates of soil erosion, deforestation, and loss of germplasm diversity. The adoption of conservation agriculture-a system based on the least soil disturbance, residue retention and diversified rotations, rainwater harvesting and the efficient use of water, and crop diversification-may help to improve sustainability in dryland agriculture. However, an in-depth empirical analysis should be done for each region to provide a basis for research priorities. In this chapter, we discuss (1) the development of innovative water harvesting and management options since water is a catalyst for development in dryland areas, (2) the need to diversify dryland systems with more focus on crop-livestock systems, and (3) that institutional innovations, building partnerships, linkages, and capacity may speed up development in these areas. We propose methods to deal with and to manage drylands as agroecosystems to boost their productivity on a sustainable basis.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInnovations in dryland agriculture
EditorsMuhammad Farooq, Kadambot H.M. Siddique
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages31-46
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9783319479286
ISBN (Print)9783319479279
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jan 2017

Fingerprint

dryland farming
Agriculture
arid lands
Crops
agriculture
Water
Soil
Research
Deforestation
Soils
crop
Drought
Droughts
Conservation of Natural Resources
Weather
germplasm
Livestock
empirical analysis
agricultural ecosystem
rainwater

Cite this

Farooq, M., & Siddique, K. H. M. (2017). Research and developmental issues in dryland agriculture. In M. Farooq, & K. H. M. Siddique (Eds.), Innovations in dryland agriculture (pp. 31-46). Cham: Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47928-6_2
Farooq, Muhammad ; Siddique, Kadambot H M. / Research and developmental issues in dryland agriculture. Innovations in dryland agriculture. editor / Muhammad Farooq ; Kadambot H.M. Siddique. Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2017. pp. 31-46
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Farooq, M & Siddique, KHM 2017, Research and developmental issues in dryland agriculture. in M Farooq & KHM Siddique (eds), Innovations in dryland agriculture. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 31-46. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47928-6_2

Research and developmental issues in dryland agriculture. / Farooq, Muhammad; Siddique, Kadambot H M.

Innovations in dryland agriculture. ed. / Muhammad Farooq; Kadambot H.M. Siddique. Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2017. p. 31-46.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperChapter

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Farooq M, Siddique KHM. Research and developmental issues in dryland agriculture. In Farooq M, Siddique KHM, editors, Innovations in dryland agriculture. Cham: Springer International Publishing. 2017. p. 31-46 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47928-6_2