Repeated pregnant mare serum gonadotropin-mediated oestrous synchronization alters gene expression in the ovaries and reduces reproductive performance in dairy goats

Shuang Sun, Shimin Liu, Jun Luo, Zhi Chen, Cong Li, Juan J. Loor, Yanhong Cao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study aimed to elucidate the effects of repeated pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG) treatment for oestrous synchronization (ES) on ovarian gene expression and reproductive parameters in Xinong Saanen dairy goats, the dominant breed of dairy goat in China. The experiment was carried out at the Research Station of Northwest A&F University (NWAFU), China (34°16′N, 108°4′E). Forty-one does were randomly assigned to groups receiving ES treatments thrice every fortnight (3-PMSG group; n = 19), or ES treatment only once simultaneously with the third ES treatment in the 3-PMSG group (1-PMSG group; n = 22) during middle of the breeding season from late July (14 hr light) until late September (12 hr light). ES treatment was performed via intravaginal insertion of a controlled internal drug release (CIDR) device impregnated with 300 mg progesterone (P4), followed by 300 IU PMSG injections 48 hr before CIDR withdrawal. Oestrus was monitored using vasectomized bucks. Ovaries of three goats in oestrus from both groups were harvested for morphological examination and RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq). Then, all the oestrous goats in the 1-PMSG (n = 21) and 3-PMSG (n = 11) groups were artificially inseminated twice. The 3-PMSG group showed reduced oestrous rate (57.89%), pregnancy rate (31.58%) and litter size (1.17) compared, respectively, with 95.45%, 68.18% and 1.67 for 1-PMSG group (p < 0.05). However, no differences were found in the ovarian morphology between the 1-PMSG and 3-PMSG groups (p > 0.05). RNA-Seq revealed 114 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the ovaries of the 3-PMSG group, among which GCG, FSTL3, TET3 and AQP3 were deemed novel and promising candidate genes for regulating fertility. The present study indicates that the three-time PMSG treatment dysregulated several ovarian genes, thereby reducing reproductive performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)873-881
Number of pages9
JournalReproduction in Domestic Animals
Volume54
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019

Fingerprint

Equine Gonadotropins
pregnant mare serum gonadotropin
dairy goats
Goats
Ovary
reproductive performance
Gene Expression
gene expression
RNA Sequence Analysis
Estrus
China
Therapeutics
sequence analysis
goats
Genes
Light
controlled internal drug release devices
Litter Size
Saanen
genes

Cite this

@article{a1e9b53993034bae9f3cfda4dd069f27,
title = "Repeated pregnant mare serum gonadotropin-mediated oestrous synchronization alters gene expression in the ovaries and reduces reproductive performance in dairy goats",
abstract = "This study aimed to elucidate the effects of repeated pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG) treatment for oestrous synchronization (ES) on ovarian gene expression and reproductive parameters in Xinong Saanen dairy goats, the dominant breed of dairy goat in China. The experiment was carried out at the Research Station of Northwest A&F University (NWAFU), China (34°16′N, 108°4′E). Forty-one does were randomly assigned to groups receiving ES treatments thrice every fortnight (3-PMSG group; n = 19), or ES treatment only once simultaneously with the third ES treatment in the 3-PMSG group (1-PMSG group; n = 22) during middle of the breeding season from late July (14 hr light) until late September (12 hr light). ES treatment was performed via intravaginal insertion of a controlled internal drug release (CIDR) device impregnated with 300 mg progesterone (P4), followed by 300 IU PMSG injections 48 hr before CIDR withdrawal. Oestrus was monitored using vasectomized bucks. Ovaries of three goats in oestrus from both groups were harvested for morphological examination and RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq). Then, all the oestrous goats in the 1-PMSG (n = 21) and 3-PMSG (n = 11) groups were artificially inseminated twice. The 3-PMSG group showed reduced oestrous rate (57.89{\%}), pregnancy rate (31.58{\%}) and litter size (1.17) compared, respectively, with 95.45{\%}, 68.18{\%} and 1.67 for 1-PMSG group (p < 0.05). However, no differences were found in the ovarian morphology between the 1-PMSG and 3-PMSG groups (p > 0.05). RNA-Seq revealed 114 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the ovaries of the 3-PMSG group, among which GCG, FSTL3, TET3 and AQP3 were deemed novel and promising candidate genes for regulating fertility. The present study indicates that the three-time PMSG treatment dysregulated several ovarian genes, thereby reducing reproductive performance.",
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Repeated pregnant mare serum gonadotropin-mediated oestrous synchronization alters gene expression in the ovaries and reduces reproductive performance in dairy goats. / Sun, Shuang; Liu, Shimin; Luo, Jun; Chen, Zhi; Li, Cong; Loor, Juan J.; Cao, Yanhong.

In: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Vol. 54, No. 6, 01.06.2019, p. 873-881.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Repeated pregnant mare serum gonadotropin-mediated oestrous synchronization alters gene expression in the ovaries and reduces reproductive performance in dairy goats

AU - Sun, Shuang

AU - Liu, Shimin

AU - Luo, Jun

AU - Chen, Zhi

AU - Li, Cong

AU - Loor, Juan J.

AU - Cao, Yanhong

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N2 - This study aimed to elucidate the effects of repeated pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG) treatment for oestrous synchronization (ES) on ovarian gene expression and reproductive parameters in Xinong Saanen dairy goats, the dominant breed of dairy goat in China. The experiment was carried out at the Research Station of Northwest A&F University (NWAFU), China (34°16′N, 108°4′E). Forty-one does were randomly assigned to groups receiving ES treatments thrice every fortnight (3-PMSG group; n = 19), or ES treatment only once simultaneously with the third ES treatment in the 3-PMSG group (1-PMSG group; n = 22) during middle of the breeding season from late July (14 hr light) until late September (12 hr light). ES treatment was performed via intravaginal insertion of a controlled internal drug release (CIDR) device impregnated with 300 mg progesterone (P4), followed by 300 IU PMSG injections 48 hr before CIDR withdrawal. Oestrus was monitored using vasectomized bucks. Ovaries of three goats in oestrus from both groups were harvested for morphological examination and RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq). Then, all the oestrous goats in the 1-PMSG (n = 21) and 3-PMSG (n = 11) groups were artificially inseminated twice. The 3-PMSG group showed reduced oestrous rate (57.89%), pregnancy rate (31.58%) and litter size (1.17) compared, respectively, with 95.45%, 68.18% and 1.67 for 1-PMSG group (p < 0.05). However, no differences were found in the ovarian morphology between the 1-PMSG and 3-PMSG groups (p > 0.05). RNA-Seq revealed 114 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the ovaries of the 3-PMSG group, among which GCG, FSTL3, TET3 and AQP3 were deemed novel and promising candidate genes for regulating fertility. The present study indicates that the three-time PMSG treatment dysregulated several ovarian genes, thereby reducing reproductive performance.

AB - This study aimed to elucidate the effects of repeated pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG) treatment for oestrous synchronization (ES) on ovarian gene expression and reproductive parameters in Xinong Saanen dairy goats, the dominant breed of dairy goat in China. The experiment was carried out at the Research Station of Northwest A&F University (NWAFU), China (34°16′N, 108°4′E). Forty-one does were randomly assigned to groups receiving ES treatments thrice every fortnight (3-PMSG group; n = 19), or ES treatment only once simultaneously with the third ES treatment in the 3-PMSG group (1-PMSG group; n = 22) during middle of the breeding season from late July (14 hr light) until late September (12 hr light). ES treatment was performed via intravaginal insertion of a controlled internal drug release (CIDR) device impregnated with 300 mg progesterone (P4), followed by 300 IU PMSG injections 48 hr before CIDR withdrawal. Oestrus was monitored using vasectomized bucks. Ovaries of three goats in oestrus from both groups were harvested for morphological examination and RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq). Then, all the oestrous goats in the 1-PMSG (n = 21) and 3-PMSG (n = 11) groups were artificially inseminated twice. The 3-PMSG group showed reduced oestrous rate (57.89%), pregnancy rate (31.58%) and litter size (1.17) compared, respectively, with 95.45%, 68.18% and 1.67 for 1-PMSG group (p < 0.05). However, no differences were found in the ovarian morphology between the 1-PMSG and 3-PMSG groups (p > 0.05). RNA-Seq revealed 114 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the ovaries of the 3-PMSG group, among which GCG, FSTL3, TET3 and AQP3 were deemed novel and promising candidate genes for regulating fertility. The present study indicates that the three-time PMSG treatment dysregulated several ovarian genes, thereby reducing reproductive performance.

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