Renal denervation as a synergistic tool for the treatment of polymorphic ventricular ectopic beats: A case report

Márcio Galindo Kiuchi, Shaojie Chen, Humberto Villacorta, Revathy Carnagarin, Janis M. Nolde, Vance B. Matthews, Markus P. Schlaich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Ventricular ectopic beats (VEBs) are very common and often occur in hypertensive or obese individuals, as well as in patients presenting with either sleep apnea or structural cardiac disease. Sympathetic overactivity plays a crucial role in the development, continuation, and exacerbation of ventricular arrhythmias. Recent studies have reported the relevance of sympathetic activation in patients with ventricular arrhythmias and suggested a potential role for catheter-based renal denervation (RDN) in reducing the arrhythmic burden. PATIENT CONCERNS: We describe a 38-year-old female symptomatic patient that at the time of presentation was complaining of fatigue in response to minor and medium efforts and not tolerating any physical activity, and episodes of tachycardia associated with dyspnoea, pre-syncope, and syncope. DIAGNOSIS: She had a high incidence of polymorphic VEBs on 24-hour-Holter monitoring who also presented with left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy for which she was treated with bisoprolol 10 mg/d. The 24-hour-Holter on bisoprolol at baseline showed sinus rhythm with an average heart rate of 92 bpm. There were 44,743 isolated VEBs. A total of 2538 nonsustained ventricular tachycardia events were registered. Her cardiac magnetic resonance imaging showed an increase in LV diastolic diameter and impairment of the right ventricle. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent endocardial ablation of the right ventricular outflow tract and the LV free lateral wall, and concomitantly underwent bilateral RDN. OUTCOMES: Three months post-procedure, her 24-hour-Holter off medication demonstrated an average heart rate 72 bpm and a substantially reduced number of 2823 isolated monomorphic VEBs. Thus far, 18-months follow-up, she has been asymptomatic and doing physical exercises. CONCLUSION: In our current patient, we used RDN as a synergistic method to attenuate the sympathetic overactivity, which is narrowly linked to VEBs appearance. Our case report highlighted that RDN may become a potential adjuvant treatment for VEBs in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e21098
JournalMedicine
Volume99
Issue number29
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jul 2020

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