Removal of bunch, leaves, or pseudostem alone, or in combination, influences growth and bunch weight of ratoon crops in two banana cultivars

K.R. Dens, R.A. Romero, R. Swennen, David Turner

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    11 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We manipulated the source (leaf system) and sink (bunch) in banana cultivars 'Williams' and 'Grand Nain' to determine the effect on two subsequent ratoon cycles. Ratoon growth and bunch characteristics were measured on plants, in a plantation, that were treated in two seasons: one warm and sunny season, and the other cool and cloudy. Removing bunches or leaves affected growth of the ratoon in the first 3 months after treatment, and this effect differed between seasons. Defoliating bunched plants in the warm and sunny season caused the first ratoon crop to bunch 5.1 weeks earlier than those on intact plants. Defoliation in both seasons reduced the height and bunch size of ratoon plants, especially in 'Williams'. Bunch removal in the cool and cloudy season reduced the cycle time by 2.5 weeks. The bunch is a higher priority C-sink than the ratoon, and there is an indication that floral induction in banana plants is influenced by environmental conditions independently of internal plant effects.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)113-119
    JournalJournal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology
    Volume83
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2008

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    pseudostems
    ratooning
    Musa
    bananas
    Weights and Measures
    cultivars
    Growth
    shoots
    leaves
    defoliation
    plantations
    environmental factors

    Cite this

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    title = "Removal of bunch, leaves, or pseudostem alone, or in combination, influences growth and bunch weight of ratoon crops in two banana cultivars",
    abstract = "We manipulated the source (leaf system) and sink (bunch) in banana cultivars 'Williams' and 'Grand Nain' to determine the effect on two subsequent ratoon cycles. Ratoon growth and bunch characteristics were measured on plants, in a plantation, that were treated in two seasons: one warm and sunny season, and the other cool and cloudy. Removing bunches or leaves affected growth of the ratoon in the first 3 months after treatment, and this effect differed between seasons. Defoliating bunched plants in the warm and sunny season caused the first ratoon crop to bunch 5.1 weeks earlier than those on intact plants. Defoliation in both seasons reduced the height and bunch size of ratoon plants, especially in 'Williams'. Bunch removal in the cool and cloudy season reduced the cycle time by 2.5 weeks. The bunch is a higher priority C-sink than the ratoon, and there is an indication that floral induction in banana plants is influenced by environmental conditions independently of internal plant effects.",
    author = "K.R. Dens and R.A. Romero and R. Swennen and David Turner",
    year = "2008",
    language = "English",
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    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Removal of bunch, leaves, or pseudostem alone, or in combination, influences growth and bunch weight of ratoon crops in two banana cultivars

    AU - Dens, K.R.

    AU - Romero, R.A.

    AU - Swennen, R.

    AU - Turner, David

    PY - 2008

    Y1 - 2008

    N2 - We manipulated the source (leaf system) and sink (bunch) in banana cultivars 'Williams' and 'Grand Nain' to determine the effect on two subsequent ratoon cycles. Ratoon growth and bunch characteristics were measured on plants, in a plantation, that were treated in two seasons: one warm and sunny season, and the other cool and cloudy. Removing bunches or leaves affected growth of the ratoon in the first 3 months after treatment, and this effect differed between seasons. Defoliating bunched plants in the warm and sunny season caused the first ratoon crop to bunch 5.1 weeks earlier than those on intact plants. Defoliation in both seasons reduced the height and bunch size of ratoon plants, especially in 'Williams'. Bunch removal in the cool and cloudy season reduced the cycle time by 2.5 weeks. The bunch is a higher priority C-sink than the ratoon, and there is an indication that floral induction in banana plants is influenced by environmental conditions independently of internal plant effects.

    AB - We manipulated the source (leaf system) and sink (bunch) in banana cultivars 'Williams' and 'Grand Nain' to determine the effect on two subsequent ratoon cycles. Ratoon growth and bunch characteristics were measured on plants, in a plantation, that were treated in two seasons: one warm and sunny season, and the other cool and cloudy. Removing bunches or leaves affected growth of the ratoon in the first 3 months after treatment, and this effect differed between seasons. Defoliating bunched plants in the warm and sunny season caused the first ratoon crop to bunch 5.1 weeks earlier than those on intact plants. Defoliation in both seasons reduced the height and bunch size of ratoon plants, especially in 'Williams'. Bunch removal in the cool and cloudy season reduced the cycle time by 2.5 weeks. The bunch is a higher priority C-sink than the ratoon, and there is an indication that floral induction in banana plants is influenced by environmental conditions independently of internal plant effects.

    M3 - Article

    VL - 83

    SP - 113

    EP - 119

    JO - Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology

    JF - Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology

    SN - 1462-0316

    IS - 1

    ER -