Reliability and validity of measures of attentional bias towards threat in unselected student samples: seek, but will you find?

Bram Van Bockstaele, Luuk Lamens, Elske Salemink, Reinout W Wiers, Susan M Bögels, Kyriaki Nikolaou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although attentional bias (AB) is considered a key characteristic of anxiety problems, the psychometric properties of most AB measures are either problematic or unknown. We conducted two experiments in which we addressed the reliability, convergent validity, and concurrent validity of different AB measures in unselected student samples. In Experiment 1 (N = 66), the visual probe task and the emotional flanker task yielded unreliable estimates of AB. Both the relevant and irrelevant feature visual search task yielded better reliability estimates, yet AB scores did not correlate significantly with each other nor with self-reported social anxiety. In Experiment 2 (N = 60), we retained only the visual search tasks. The relevant feature visual search task was again highly reliable, but it did not correlate significantly with anxiety measures. The irrelevant feature visual search task yielded only small reliability estimates, yet one of the scores was significantly correlated with implicit (but not self-reported or physiological) measures of social anxiety. Together, our results advocate the use of variants of visual search tasks to measure AB and they underline the importance of fundamental psychometric testing in AB research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalCognition & Emotion
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2 May 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Reproducibility of Results
Students
Anxiety
Psychometrics
Attentional Bias
Threat
Visual Search
Research
Experiment

Cite this

Van Bockstaele, Bram ; Lamens, Luuk ; Salemink, Elske ; Wiers, Reinout W ; Bögels, Susan M ; Nikolaou, Kyriaki. / Reliability and validity of measures of attentional bias towards threat in unselected student samples: seek, but will you find?. In: Cognition & Emotion. 2019 ; pp. 1-12.
@article{e0c5ad32fafb47edae4679d5c8c3117b,
title = "Reliability and validity of measures of attentional bias towards threat in unselected student samples: seek, but will you find?",
abstract = "Although attentional bias (AB) is considered a key characteristic of anxiety problems, the psychometric properties of most AB measures are either problematic or unknown. We conducted two experiments in which we addressed the reliability, convergent validity, and concurrent validity of different AB measures in unselected student samples. In Experiment 1 (N = 66), the visual probe task and the emotional flanker task yielded unreliable estimates of AB. Both the relevant and irrelevant feature visual search task yielded better reliability estimates, yet AB scores did not correlate significantly with each other nor with self-reported social anxiety. In Experiment 2 (N = 60), we retained only the visual search tasks. The relevant feature visual search task was again highly reliable, but it did not correlate significantly with anxiety measures. The irrelevant feature visual search task yielded only small reliability estimates, yet one of the scores was significantly correlated with implicit (but not self-reported or physiological) measures of social anxiety. Together, our results advocate the use of variants of visual search tasks to measure AB and they underline the importance of fundamental psychometric testing in AB research.",
author = "{Van Bockstaele}, Bram and Luuk Lamens and Elske Salemink and Wiers, {Reinout W} and B{\"o}gels, {Susan M} and Kyriaki Nikolaou",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "2",
doi = "10.1080/02699931.2019.1609423",
language = "English",
pages = "1--12",
journal = "Cognition & Emotion",
issn = "0269-9931",
publisher = "Psychology Press",

}

Reliability and validity of measures of attentional bias towards threat in unselected student samples: seek, but will you find? / Van Bockstaele, Bram; Lamens, Luuk; Salemink, Elske; Wiers, Reinout W; Bögels, Susan M; Nikolaou, Kyriaki.

In: Cognition & Emotion, 02.05.2019, p. 1-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reliability and validity of measures of attentional bias towards threat in unselected student samples: seek, but will you find?

AU - Van Bockstaele, Bram

AU - Lamens, Luuk

AU - Salemink, Elske

AU - Wiers, Reinout W

AU - Bögels, Susan M

AU - Nikolaou, Kyriaki

PY - 2019/5/2

Y1 - 2019/5/2

N2 - Although attentional bias (AB) is considered a key characteristic of anxiety problems, the psychometric properties of most AB measures are either problematic or unknown. We conducted two experiments in which we addressed the reliability, convergent validity, and concurrent validity of different AB measures in unselected student samples. In Experiment 1 (N = 66), the visual probe task and the emotional flanker task yielded unreliable estimates of AB. Both the relevant and irrelevant feature visual search task yielded better reliability estimates, yet AB scores did not correlate significantly with each other nor with self-reported social anxiety. In Experiment 2 (N = 60), we retained only the visual search tasks. The relevant feature visual search task was again highly reliable, but it did not correlate significantly with anxiety measures. The irrelevant feature visual search task yielded only small reliability estimates, yet one of the scores was significantly correlated with implicit (but not self-reported or physiological) measures of social anxiety. Together, our results advocate the use of variants of visual search tasks to measure AB and they underline the importance of fundamental psychometric testing in AB research.

AB - Although attentional bias (AB) is considered a key characteristic of anxiety problems, the psychometric properties of most AB measures are either problematic or unknown. We conducted two experiments in which we addressed the reliability, convergent validity, and concurrent validity of different AB measures in unselected student samples. In Experiment 1 (N = 66), the visual probe task and the emotional flanker task yielded unreliable estimates of AB. Both the relevant and irrelevant feature visual search task yielded better reliability estimates, yet AB scores did not correlate significantly with each other nor with self-reported social anxiety. In Experiment 2 (N = 60), we retained only the visual search tasks. The relevant feature visual search task was again highly reliable, but it did not correlate significantly with anxiety measures. The irrelevant feature visual search task yielded only small reliability estimates, yet one of the scores was significantly correlated with implicit (but not self-reported or physiological) measures of social anxiety. Together, our results advocate the use of variants of visual search tasks to measure AB and they underline the importance of fundamental psychometric testing in AB research.

U2 - 10.1080/02699931.2019.1609423

DO - 10.1080/02699931.2019.1609423

M3 - Article

SP - 1

EP - 12

JO - Cognition & Emotion

JF - Cognition & Emotion

SN - 0269-9931

ER -