Remnant-like emulsions labeled with cholesteryl [C-13]-oleate were prepared with lipid compositions similar to remnants derived from triacylglycerol-rich lipoproteins. When injected into the bloodstream of conscious mice, the remnant-like emulsions were metabolized in the liver leading to the appearance of (CO2)-C-13 in the breath, Previously, using this technique, we found that remnant metabolism was significantly impaired but not completely inhibited in mice lacking low density lipoprotein receptors (LDLr), We have now found in mice with non-functional low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP) that breath enrichment of (CO2)-C-13 was significantly decreased, indicating that the LRP also plays an important role in the metabolism of chylomicron remnants (CR), The enrichment of (CO2)-C-13 in the expired breath was negligible in mice lacking both LDLr and receptor-associated protein (-/-), essential for normal function of LRP. In mice pre-injected with gluthatione S-transferase-receptor-associated protein to block LRP binding, there was a marked inhibition of the appearance of (CO2)-C-13 in the expired breath of homozygous LDLr-deficient mice, supporting the role of LRP in vivo, Whether or not LDLr were present, in mouse and human fibroblast cells human apoE3 or E4 but not apoE2 were essential for binding of remnant-like emulsions, while lactoferrin and suramin completely inhibited binding. We conclude that in normal mice LDLr are important for the physiological metabolism of CR. When LDLr are absent the evidence supports a role for the LRP in the uptake of CR in liver cells and in fibroblasts, with binding characteristics for CR-associated apoE similar to LDLr.
|Journal||Journal of Lipid Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|