Relationships between leucine and the pancreatic exocrine function for improving starch digestibility in ruminants

K. Liu, Y. Liu, Shimin Liu, M. Xu, Z. Yu, X. Wang, Y. Cao, J. Yao

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    © 2015 American Dairy Science Association. Four Holstein heifers (215 ± 7. kg; means ± SD), fitted with one pancreatic pouch, duodenal re-entrant cannulas, and duodenal infusion catheters, were used in this experiment. In phase 1, the 24-h profile of pancreatic fluid was determined. Pancreatic fluid flow peaked 1. h after feeding, but peaks of similar magnitude also occurred before the morning feed, necessitating 24-h collection of pancreatic fluid to estimate daily excretion. In phase 2, the effects of duodenal infusions of 0, 10, 20, or 30. g of leucine on pancreatic fluid flow were determined in a 4. ×. 4 Latin square design. The leucine was infused for 12. h in 2,500. mL of the infusate, and samples of pancreatic fluid and jugular blood were collected in 1-h intervals from the beginning of the infusion for 36. h. The results showed that the secretion rate of pancreatic fluid (mL/h) was significantly higher in 10-g leucine group than the other groups (mL/h). Protein concentration (mg/mL) in pancreatic fluid was elevated proportional to the amount of leucine infused. Leucine infusions increased both the concentration (U/mL) and secretion rate (U/h) of α-amylase. Infusion of 10. g of leucine also increased the secretion rates (U/h) of trypsin, chymotrypsin, and lipase, but did not change their concentrations. No significant effects of leucine infusions on plasma glucose and insulin concentrations were found. The results indicate that leucine could act as a nutrient signal to stimulate α-amylase production and pancreatic exocrine function in dairy heifers.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2576-2582
    JournalJournal of Dairy Science
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2015


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