Relationship of low molecular weight fluorophore levels with clinical factors and fenofibrate effects in adults with type 2 diabetes

Andrzej S. Januszewski, David Chen, Russell S. Scott, Rachel L. O’Connell, Nanda R. Aryal, David R. Sullivan, Gerald F. Watts, Marja Riitta Taskinen, Philip J. Barter, James D. Best, R. John Simes, Anthony C. Keech, Alicia J. Jenkins

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Abstract

People with diabetes are at risk of chronic complications and novel biomarkers, such as Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) may help stratify this risk. We assessed whether plasma low-molecular weight AGEs, also known as LMW-fluorophores (LMW-F), are associated with risk factors, predict complications, and are altered by fenofibrate in adults with type 2 diabetes. Plasma LMW-F were quantified at baseline, after six weeks fenofibrate, and one year post-randomisation to fenofibrate or placebo. LMW-F associations with existing and new composite vascular complications were determined, and effects of fenofibrate assessed. LMW-F correlated positively with age, glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), pulse pressure, kidney dysfunction and inflammation; and negatively with urate, body mass index, oxidative stress and leptin, albeit weakly (r = 0.04–0.16, all p < 0.01). Independent determinants of LMW-F included smoking, diastolic blood pressure, prior cardiovascular disease or microvascular complications, Caucasian ethnicity, kidney function, HbA1c and diabetes duration (all p ≤ 0.01). Baseline LMW-F tertiles correlated with on-trial macrovascular and microvascular complications (trend p < 0.001) on univariate analyses only. Six weeks of fenofibrate increased LMW-F levels by 21% (p < 0.001). In conclusion, LMW-F levels correlate with many risk factors and chronic diabetes complications, and are increased with fenofibrate. LMW-F tertiles predict complications, but not independently of traditional risk factors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number18708
JournalScientific Reports
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

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