Relationship of Airway Responsiveness with Airway Morphometry in Normal and Immunized Rabbits

F.E. Woisin, C.M. Herd, G.J. Douglas, K. Raynor, D. Spina, Howard Mitchell, C.P. Page

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Airway responses to chemical stimuli occur over a wide range of concentrations, with overlap between severe, moderate and mild asthmatic groups and with normal healthy individuals. Mathematical modelling has suggested that relative thickness of the airway wall may account for this range of responsiveness. We have investigated whether in vivo airway responsiveness varies as a function of airway wall thickness in terms of airway smooth muscle area in normal and immunized New Zealand White (NZW) rabbits. Airway responsiveness to inhaled methacholine (MCh) was determined in vivo under neuroleptanalgesia, Subsequently, ex vivo responsiveness to MCh (pD(2) = -log EC50) of isolated bronchi from the same animal was established, Smooth muscle area per mm basement membrane (SM/mmBM) was also measured morphometrically in the tested bronchi and the findings related to in vivo and ex vivo responsiveness. We found no relationship between airway responsiveness in vivo and pD(2) values in either immunized or control rabbits. In both control and immunized rabbits, no correlation was found between SM/mmBM and in vivo airway responsiveness. Only in immunized animals with a PCA titre >0, was there a significant correlation (p = -0.5986, P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-83
JournalPulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Volume14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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