Relationship between TV watching during childhood and adolescence and fitness in adulthood in the Raine Study cohort

Andy Haynes, Joanne McVeigh, Leanne Lester, Peter Eastwood, Leon Straker, Trevor Mori, Lawrence Beilin, Daniel Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
35 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

To investigate: 1) whether TV watching habits throughout childhood and adolescence, a proxy of sedentary behavior, impacted cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in adulthood, and 2) whether any potential impact of TV watching in childhood and adolescence on CRF in adulthood was changed by adult physical activity (PA) levels.

A longitudinal study with questionnaire data available regarding TV watching collected at ages 5, 8, 10, 14, 17 and 20yrs, allowed trajectories of TV watching to be developed. At age 28yrs, participants completed a V̇O2peak test and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. General linear models tested for differences in CRF (time to exhaustion TTE and V̇O2peak mL·kg-1·min-1) between TV watching trajectories. Secondary analysis tested the potential effect current PA levels has on the relationship between TV trajectory and fitness.

449 participants [male n = 255 (56.8%), 28.3 ± 0.5yrs; female n = 194 (43.2%), 28.2 ± 0.4yrs] were included in the study. Three distinct trajectories of TV watching were identified: High TV, Increasing TV and Low TV. CRF was lowest in the High TV watching trajectory and increased progressively from High to Increasing TV and Increasing to Low TV (all P < 0.05). Within each of the TV trajectories, those engaging in high levels of current PA had greater CRF than those engaging in low and moderate PA.

TV watching in childhood and adolescence negatively impacts upon adult fitness at the age of 28 years. However, this negative impact of historical TV watching on CRF can largely be attenuated by engaging in higher levels of PA in adulthood.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-431
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Sport Science
Volume23
Issue number3
Early online dateFeb 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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