Relationship between the neighbourhood built environment and early child development

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Abstract

The relationship between features of the neighbourhood built environment and early child development was investigated using area-level data from the Australian Early Development Census. Overall 9.0% of children were developmentally vulnerable on the Physical Health and Well-being domain, 8.1% on the Social Competence domain and 8.1% on the Emotional Maturity domain. After adjustment for socio-demographic factors, Local Communities with the highest quintile of home yard space had significantly lower odds of developmental vulnerability on the Emotional Maturity domain. Residing in a Local Community with fewer main roads was associated with a decrease in the proportion of children developmentally vulnerable on the Social Competence domain. Overall, sociodemographic factors were more important than aspects of the neighbourhood physical environment for explaining variation between Local Communities in the developmental vulnerability of children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-101
Number of pages12
JournalHealth and Place
Volume48
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017

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child development
Child Development
social competence
vulnerability
maturity
community
sociodemographic factors
census
demographic factors
road
Censuses
well-being
Demography
built environment
health
Health

Cite this

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title = "Relationship between the neighbourhood built environment and early child development",
abstract = "The relationship between features of the neighbourhood built environment and early child development was investigated using area-level data from the Australian Early Development Census. Overall 9.0{\%} of children were developmentally vulnerable on the Physical Health and Well-being domain, 8.1{\%} on the Social Competence domain and 8.1{\%} on the Emotional Maturity domain. After adjustment for socio-demographic factors, Local Communities with the highest quintile of home yard space had significantly lower odds of developmental vulnerability on the Emotional Maturity domain. Residing in a Local Community with fewer main roads was associated with a decrease in the proportion of children developmentally vulnerable on the Social Competence domain. Overall, sociodemographic factors were more important than aspects of the neighbourhood physical environment for explaining variation between Local Communities in the developmental vulnerability of children.",
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Relationship between the neighbourhood built environment and early child development. / Christian, Hayley; Ball, Stephen J.; Zubrick, Stephen R.; Brinkman, Sally; Turrell, Gavin; Boruff, Bryan; Foster, Sarah.

In: Health and Place, Vol. 48, 01.11.2017, p. 90-101.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Christian, Hayley

AU - Ball, Stephen J.

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AU - Boruff, Bryan

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