Relationship between Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Diurnal Leptin Rhythms

S.R. Patel, Lyle Palmer, E.K. Larkin, N.S. Jenny, D.P. White, S. Redline

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Study Objectives: Several studies have reported an association between obstructive sleep apnea and leptin, a hormone that influences satiety and body weight. We evaluated the relationship of leptin levels and the overnight change in levels with sleep apnea.Design: Cross-sectional analysis of data from a prospective cohort study.Setting: Case Western Reserve University General Clinical Research Center.Patients or Participants: A total of 138 individuals participating in the Cleveland Family Study -59% women, 45% African -American, with mean apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) of 6.9 (range 0-106)-were studied. Interventions: None.Measurements and Results: Serum leptin was measured at 10:00 pm to 11:00 pm and at 7:00 am to 8:00 am. Leptin levels in both the morning and evening were positively correlated with apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) in age-, sex-, and race-adjusted analyses (P 15 was associated with a 23% increase in leptin ratio.Conclusions: These findings suggest that sleep apnea may suppress secretion of leptin in the morning. Alternatively, the relative elevation in evening leptin may influence apnea pathogenesis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-239
JournalSleep
Volume27
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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