Relationship between a soil’s ability to adsorb phosphate and the residual effectiveness of superphosphate

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Abstract

Twenty-two unfertilized soils from four localities in south-western Australia were used in a pot trial. In March powdered, single superphosphate was applied to the surface of eight of the pots at a range of levels. All the pots were kept moist until August when subterranean clover seed was sown and fresh superphosphate was applied to the previously unfertilized pots.Response curves were fitted to the yields and from the coefficients of the curves the relative effectiveness of the March and the August applications was calculated. For most of the soils, the March application was between 50 and 60% as effective as the August application. There was a small but significant trend for the relative effectiveness to increase as the soils’ ability to adsorb phosphate from solution (AP) increased. There was a close relationship between the effectiveness of the August application and the inverse of ’P. Since ’P is a measure of the distribution of phosphorus between the solid and the solution phases in the soil, it was argued that the decreased effectiveness of the March application could be explained by a change in the distribution of phosphate. An incubation experiment showed that such a redistribution occurred and that the proportional change was little affected by ’P. This seemed to explain the small effect of ’P on decrease in effectiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-63
Number of pages7
JournalAustralian Journal of Soil Research
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1973
Externally publishedYes

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superphosphate
Phosphates
phosphate
phosphates
Soils
soil
Trifolium subterraneum
South Australia
Western Australia
incubation
Phosphorus
Seed
phosphorus
seed
seeds
experiment
Experiments
distribution

Cite this

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title = "Relationship between a soil’s ability to adsorb phosphate and the residual effectiveness of superphosphate",
abstract = "Twenty-two unfertilized soils from four localities in south-western Australia were used in a pot trial. In March powdered, single superphosphate was applied to the surface of eight of the pots at a range of levels. All the pots were kept moist until August when subterranean clover seed was sown and fresh superphosphate was applied to the previously unfertilized pots.Response curves were fitted to the yields and from the coefficients of the curves the relative effectiveness of the March and the August applications was calculated. For most of the soils, the March application was between 50 and 60{\%} as effective as the August application. There was a small but significant trend for the relative effectiveness to increase as the soils’ ability to adsorb phosphate from solution (AP) increased. There was a close relationship between the effectiveness of the August application and the inverse of ’P. Since ’P is a measure of the distribution of phosphorus between the solid and the solution phases in the soil, it was argued that the decreased effectiveness of the March application could be explained by a change in the distribution of phosphate. An incubation experiment showed that such a redistribution occurred and that the proportional change was little affected by ’P. This seemed to explain the small effect of ’P on decrease in effectiveness.",
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N2 - Twenty-two unfertilized soils from four localities in south-western Australia were used in a pot trial. In March powdered, single superphosphate was applied to the surface of eight of the pots at a range of levels. All the pots were kept moist until August when subterranean clover seed was sown and fresh superphosphate was applied to the previously unfertilized pots.Response curves were fitted to the yields and from the coefficients of the curves the relative effectiveness of the March and the August applications was calculated. For most of the soils, the March application was between 50 and 60% as effective as the August application. There was a small but significant trend for the relative effectiveness to increase as the soils’ ability to adsorb phosphate from solution (AP) increased. There was a close relationship between the effectiveness of the August application and the inverse of ’P. Since ’P is a measure of the distribution of phosphorus between the solid and the solution phases in the soil, it was argued that the decreased effectiveness of the March application could be explained by a change in the distribution of phosphate. An incubation experiment showed that such a redistribution occurred and that the proportional change was little affected by ’P. This seemed to explain the small effect of ’P on decrease in effectiveness.

AB - Twenty-two unfertilized soils from four localities in south-western Australia were used in a pot trial. In March powdered, single superphosphate was applied to the surface of eight of the pots at a range of levels. All the pots were kept moist until August when subterranean clover seed was sown and fresh superphosphate was applied to the previously unfertilized pots.Response curves were fitted to the yields and from the coefficients of the curves the relative effectiveness of the March and the August applications was calculated. For most of the soils, the March application was between 50 and 60% as effective as the August application. There was a small but significant trend for the relative effectiveness to increase as the soils’ ability to adsorb phosphate from solution (AP) increased. There was a close relationship between the effectiveness of the August application and the inverse of ’P. Since ’P is a measure of the distribution of phosphorus between the solid and the solution phases in the soil, it was argued that the decreased effectiveness of the March application could be explained by a change in the distribution of phosphate. An incubation experiment showed that such a redistribution occurred and that the proportional change was little affected by ’P. This seemed to explain the small effect of ’P on decrease in effectiveness.

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