Reflective practice and guided discovery: clinical supervision.

G. Todd, D. Freshwater

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


This article explores the parallels between reflective practice as a model for clinical supervision, and guided discovery as a skill in cognitive psychotherapy. A description outlining the historical development of clinical supervision in relationship to positional papers and policies is followed by an exposé of the difficulties in developing a clear, consistent model of clinical supervision with a coherent focus; reflective practice is proposed as a model of choice for clinical supervision in nursing. The article examines the parallels and processes of a model of reflection in an individual clinical supervision session, and the use of guided discovery through Socratic dialogue with a depressed patient in cognitive psychotherapy. Extracts from both sessions are used to illuminate the subsequent discussion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1383-1389
Number of pages7
JournalBritish journal of nursing (Mark Allen Publishing)
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1999
Externally publishedYes


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