Redesigning Plant Photosynthesis Using High-Throughput Techniques for Enhanced and Sustainable Food Production under Environmental Stresses

Syed Sarfraz Hussain, Muhammad Faisal Irfan, Abdul Qayyum Rao, Bujun Shi, Ahmed Ali Shahid, Kadambot Siddique

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperChapterpeer-review

Abstract

It seems logical to talk about plants with an increased productivity for the fast increasing world population. Crop plant development showing tolerance to various abiotic stresses has got immense potential and seems a promising strategy that may help to satisfy population demands for nutritious food. Currently, plant biotechnology is responsible to develop environmental stress tolerance and higher-yielding crop plants with increased nutritional value. Even though plant growth and development are governed by a variety of genetic, biochemical, environmental, and molecular processes, photosynthesis is a complex mechanism responsible for providing the energy required for crop productivity. The successful improvement in photosynthetic efficiency of crops, especially the leading cereal crops, has substantially increased global food production even without increasing cultivation areas. However, the availability of high throughput tools and technologies such as dynamic and sophisticated genome editing techniques for improving cultivars will play a vital role, especially in increasing photosynthetic efficiency. This technique represents a promising strategy to tackle yield-related problems, such as improvement in photosynthetic efficiency and abiotic stress tolerance of plants and may serve as a foundation for the second green revolution in the future. This chapter aims to discuss recent advances, current challenges, and future perspectives for targeting improved photosynthesis for enhanced and sustainable food, fiber, and fuel production under different environmental stresses.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPhotosynthesis and Respiratory Cycles during Environmental Stress Response in Plants
EditorsAryadeep Roychoudhury
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherCRC Press
Chapter3
Pages47-77
Number of pages32
Edition1
ISBN (Electronic)9781003315162
ISBN (Print)9781774911846
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Dec 2022

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