Redefining the Blanking Period after Catheter Ablation for Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation: Insights from the ADVICE (Adenosine Following Pulmonary Vein Isolation to Target Dormant Conduction Elimination) Trial

S. Willems, P. Khairy, J.G. Andrade, B.A. Hoffmann, S. Levesque, A. Verma, Rukshen Weerasooriya, P. Novak, T. Arentz, I. Deisenhofer, T. Rostock, D. Steven, L. Rivard, P.G. Guerra, K. Dyrda, B. Mondesert, M. Dubuc, B. Thibault, M. Talajic, D. RoyS. Nattel, L. MacLe

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    Abstract

    © 2016 American Heart Association, Inc.Background-Early recurrences (ERs) of atrial tachyarrhythmia are common after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. A 3-month blanking period is recommended by current guidelines. This study sought to investigate the significance of ER during the first 3 months post ablation in predicting late recurrences and determine whether it varies according to timing. Methods and Results-A total of 401 patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation undergoing pulmonary vein isolation were followed for 12 months with transtelephonic monitoring in the ADVICE (Adenosine Following Pulmonary Vein Isolation to Target Dormant Conduction Elimination) trial. Patients with atrial tachyarrhythmia =30 s within the 3-month blanking period were stratified according to the timing of ER. A total of 179 patients (44.6%) experienced their last episode of ER during the first (n=53), second (n=44), or third (n=82) month of the 3-month blanking period. One-year freedom from symptomatic atrial tachyarrhythmia was 77.2% in patients without ER compared with 62.6%, 36.4%, and 7.8% in patients with ER 1, 2, and 3 months post ablation, respectively (P90% of patients with ER during the third month post ablation experience late recurrence by 1 year. However, pending further study, repeat ablation before 90 days cannot be routinely advocated. Clinical Trial Registration-URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01058980.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalCirculation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
    Volume9
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

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