This dissertation aims to examine the interaction between heritage authorization and tourism development in China, and show how this interaction influences the social relations between external agents and local actors in two World Heritage sites, Shaolin Scenic Area and Ancient City of Pingyao. Various theories including Anthony Giddens' theories on modernity, time-space distanciation, disembedding, and reflexivity, are applied and critiqued in the context of the case studies. It argues contemporary reconstruction of tradition demonstrates current transformative processes, in which external agents with heritage authority have an advantage over local residents in tourism zones who are financially, spatially, and culturally disempowered.
|Qualification||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Publication status||Unpublished - 2015|