Recognition of the nonclassical MHC class i molecule H2-M3 by the receptor Ly49A regulates the licensing and activation of NK cells

D.M. Andrews, L.C. Sullivan, N. Baschuk, C.J. Chan, R. Berry, Claire Cotterell, J. Lin, H. Halse, S.V. Watt, J. Poursine-Laurent, C.-R. Wang, Tony Scalzo, W.M. Yokoyama, J. Rossjohn, A.G. Brooks, M.J. Smyth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The development and function of natural killer (NK) cells is regulated by the interaction of inhibitory receptors of the Ly49 family with distinct peptide-laden major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules, although whether the Ly49 family is able bind to other MHC class I–like molecules is unclear. Here we found that the prototypic inhibitory receptor Ly49A bound the highly conserved nonclassical MHC class I molecule H2-M3 with an affinity similar to its affinity for H-2Dd. The specific recognition of H2-M3 by Ly49A regulated the 'licensing' of NK cells and mediated 'missing-self' recognition of H2-M3-deficient bone marrow. Host peptide–H2-M3 was required for optimal NK cell activity against experimental metastases and carcinogenesis. Thus, nonclassical MHC class I molecules can act as cognate ligands for Ly49 molecules. Our results provide insight into the various mechanisms that lead to NK cell tolerance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1171-1177
JournalNature Immunology
Volume13
Issue number12
Early online date11 Nov 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2012

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