Receptor-like activity evoked by extracellular adp in arabidopsis root epidermal plasma membrane

Vadim Demidchik, Zhonglin Shang, Ryoung Shin, Renato Colaço, Anuphon Laohavisit, Sergey Shabala, Julia M. Davies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)


Extracellular purine nucleotides are implicated in the control of plant development and stress responses. While extracellular ATP is known to activate transcriptional pathways via plasma membrane (PM) NADPH oxidase and calcium channel activation, very little is known about signal transduction by extracellular ADP. Here, extracellular ADP was found to activate net Ca2+ influx in roots of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) and transiently elevate cytosolic free Ca2+ in root epidermal protoplasts. An inward Ca2+-permeable conductance in root epidermal PM was activated within 1 s of ADP application and repeated application evoked a smaller current. Such response speed and densitization are consistent with operation of equivalents to animal ionotropic purine receptors, although to date no equivalent genes for such receptors have been identified in higher plants. In contrast to ATP, extracellular ADP did not evoke accumulation of intracellular reactive oxygen species. While high concentrations of ATP caused net Ca2+ efflux from roots, equivalent concentrations of ADP caused net influx. Overall the results point to a discrete ADP signaling pathway, reliant on receptor-like activity at the PM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1375-1385
Number of pages11
JournalPlant Physiology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011
Externally publishedYes


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