Receptor kinase-mediated control of primary active proton pumping at the plasma membrane

Anja T. Fuglsang, Astrid Kristensen, Tracey A. Cuin, Waltraud X. Schulze, Jörgen Persson, Kristina H. Thuesen, Cecilie K. Ytting, Christian B. Oehlenschlæger, Khalid Mahmood, Teis E. Sondergaard, Sergey Shabala, Michael G. Palmgren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

104 Citations (Scopus)


Acidification of the cell wall space outside the plasma membrane is required for plant growth and is the result of proton extrusion by the plasma membrane-localized H+-ATPases. Here we show that the major plasma membrane proton pumps in Arabidopsis, AHA1 and AHA2, interact directly in vitro and in planta with PSY1R, a receptor kinase of the plasma membrane that serves as a receptor for the peptide growth hormone PSY1. The intracellular protein kinase domain of PSY1R phosphorylates AHA2/AHA1 at Thr-881, situated in the autoinhibitory region I of the C-terminal domain. When expressed in a yeast heterologous expression system, the introduction of a negative charge at this position caused pump activation. Application of PSY1 to plant seedlings induced rapid in planta phosphorylation at Thr-881, concomitant with an instantaneous increase in proton efflux from roots. The direct interaction between AHA2 and PSY1R observed might provide a general paradigm for regulation of plasma membrane proton transport by receptor kinases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)951-964
Number of pages14
JournalPlant Journal
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2014
Externally publishedYes


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