Recent advances in hereditary disease and neuro-ophthalmology

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Recent advances in genetics tend to center on the discoveries of molecular biology. A disease is first linked to a region on a chromosome, a gene is later cloned, or a candidate gene identified, point mutations described, phenotype-genotype correlations made, and rationales for treatment proposed. Several neuro-ophthalmologic diseases have recently been studied in this way; including Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy and other mitochondrial diseases, autosomal dominant (Kjer) optic atrophy, Wolfram syndrome, or DIDMOAD (diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy, and deafness), Usher syndrome, neurofibromatosis types I and II, and two disorders of the paired box genes: aniridia and Waardenburg's syndrome. Apart from molecular biology there are still some new disease entities being described and new inheritance patterns identified for some syndromes, such as periodic alternating nystagmus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-53
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Ophthalmology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1995
Externally publishedYes


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