Rapid and extensive land clearance for agriculture over the past century has produced a landscape in the wheatbelt of Western Australia that is degrading rapidly in terms of both agricultural potential and nature conservation value. The problems of land degradation and maintenance of remnant vegetation should not be tackled independently. Rather, an integrated approach to landscape management is required, with the three major goals of sustainable agricultural production and maintenance of quality of life, optimal water use and distribution and maintenance of the diversity of flora and fauna. Each goal will have its own optimum solution, which may not be suitable in terms of the other goals, and an integrated approach to landscape planning and management is required to ensure the simultaneous consideration of all landscape components. Retention of remnant vegetation, rehabilitation of degraded areas and revegetation are all essential components of this approach, but these need to be co-ordinated to provide maximum benefit in terms of all three goals. We provide a preliminary framework for how this co-ordination might be achieved.