Re-evaluation of link between interpregnancy interval and adverse birth outcomes: retrospective cohort study matching two intervals per mother

S.J. Ball, Gavin Pereira, Peter Jacoby, Nicholas De Klerk, Fiona Stanley

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Objective: To re-evaluate the causal effect of interpregnancy interval on adverse birth outcomes, on the basis that previous studies relying on between mother comparisons may have inadequately adjusted for confounding by maternal risk factors. Design: Retrospective cohort study using conditional logistic regression (matching two intervals per mother so each mother acts as her own control) to model the incidence of adverse birth outcomes as a function of interpregnancy interval; additional unconditional logistic regression with adjustment for confounders enabled comparison with the unmatched design of previous studies. Setting: Perth, Western Australia, 1980-2010. Participants: 40 441 mothers who each delivered three liveborn singleton neonates. Main outcome measures: Preterm birth (
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
JournalBMJ: British Medical Journal
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jul 2014


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