Re-engaging an inactive cohort of young adults: Evaluating recruitment for the Kidskin Young Adult Myopia Study

Gareth Lingham, David A. Mackey, Nicola Seed, Lisa Ryan, Elizabeth Milne, Robyn M. Lucas, Maria Franchina, Samantha Sze Yee Lee, Seyhan Yazar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Recent changes in communication technologies, including increased reliance on mobile phones and the internet, may present challenges and/or opportunities to re-engaging inactive study cohorts. We evaluate our ability to recruit participants for the Kidskin Young Adult Myopia Study (KYAMS), a follow-up of the Kidskin Study. Methods: KYAMS participants were recruited from the Kidskin Study, a sun exposure-intervention study for 5-6 year-olds running from 1995 to 1999 with most recent follow-up in 2005. From 2015 to 2019, the KYAMS used mail-outs, phone calls and social media to contact Kidskin Study participants. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify variables associated with successful contact of a Kidskin Study participant or family member and KYAMS participation. Results: Of 1695 eligible participants, 599 (35.5%) participants (or a family member) were contacted and 303 (17.9%) participated in the KYAMS. KYAMS participation was more likely in those who participated in the 2005 follow-up (odds ratio [OR] = 5.09, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.67-7.06) and had a mobile phone number on record (OR = 2.25, CI: 1.57-3.23). Of those contacted, participants who were the first point of contact (OR = 4.84, CI: 2.89-8.10) and who were contacted by letter in the first (OR = 6.53, CI: 3.35-12.75) or second (OR = 5.77, CI: 2.85-11.67) round were more likely to participate in the KYAMS, compared to contact by landline phone. Conclusions: We recruited approximately one-fifth of Kidskin Study participants for the KYAMS. Participants were more likely to participate in the KYAMS if they were contacted directly, rather than through a family member, and if they were contacted by invitation letter. Trial registration: ACTRN12617000812392.

Original languageEnglish
Article number127
JournalBMC Medical Research Methodology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 24 May 2020


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