Rapid and accurate evaluation of the quality of commercial organic fertilizers using near infrared spectroscopy

C. Wang, C. Huang, J. Qian, J. Xiao, H. Li, Y. Wen, Xinhua He, W. Ran, Q. Shen, G. Yu.

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    Abstract

    The composting industry has been growing rapidly in China because of a boom in the animal industry. Therefore, a rapid and accurate assessment of the quality of commercial organic fertilizers is of the utmost importance. In this study, a novel technique that combines near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy with partial least squares (PLS) analysis is developed for rapidly and accurately assessing commercial organic fertilizers quality. A total of 104 commercial organic fertilizers were collected from full-scale compost factories in Jiangsu Province, east China. In general, the NIR-PLS technique showed accurate predictions of the total organic matter, water soluble organic nitrogen, pH, and germination index; less accurate results of the moisture, total nitrogen, and electrical conductivity; and the least accurate results for water soluble organic carbon. Our results suggested the combined NIR-PLS technique could be applied as a valuable tool to rapidly and accurately assess the quality of commercial organic fertilizers. © 2014 Wang et al.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)7pp
    JournalPLoS One
    Volume9
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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