Yellow rust, caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. Tritici, is a serious disease attacking wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) across the globe. The occurrence of yellow rust can result in severe yield reduction and economic loss. Hyperspectral remote sensing has demonstrated potential in detecting yellow rust, with the majority of studies distinguishing qualitatively between diseased and healthy individuals or performing simple grading of disease severity. However, research on the quantification of the severity of yellow rust is limited. To fill this gap in the literature, in the current study, we constructed a new spectral index, the yellow rust optimal index (YROI), using the hyperspectral data obtained by ASD field spectrometer to quantitatively estimate yellow rust severity. The index is based on the spectral response of spores, and vegetation biophysical and biochemical parameters (VPCPs); and integrated with the PROSPECT-D model. We evaluated the new index and compared it with 11 commonly used yellow rust detection indices using experimental leaf- and canopy-scale spectral datasets. Results demonstrated the superior accuracy of YROI for both the leaf (R2 = 0.822, RMSE = 0.070) and canopy (R2 = 0.542, RMSE = 0.085) scales. In this research, we quantitatively analyzed the spectral response mechanism of wheat yellow rust, which provided a new idea for the quantitative identification of crop diseases. Moreover, our results can be employed as a reference and theoretical basis for the accurate and timely quantitative identification of crop diseases over the large areas in the future.
|International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation
|Published - Oct 2021