Quantification of polyethylene degradation in mobile bearing knees: A retrieval analysis of the Anterior-Posterior-Glide (APG) and Rotating Platform (RP) Low Contact Stress (LCS) knee

Alan M. Kop, Eric Swarts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Routine qualitative observations of more than 850 polyethylene fixed and mobile bearings at our institution have noted minimal wear of mobile bearings. The APG mobile bearing is the most recent design variant of the LCS knee, allows multi-directional movement at the tibiofemoral articulation, and is posterior cruciate sparing. Even though it is difficult to perform, quantitative wear measurement is important in determining the likely longevity of new arthroplasty devices, and is especially relevant because of increasing numbers of new mobile bearing designs. Patients and methods: We analyzed 10 retrieved APG and 7 retrieved RP tibial bearings (De Puy) with a mean implantation period of 33 (9-70) months. We used coordinate-measuring techniques to quantitatively determine linear penetration, and optical and scanning electron microscopy to assess wear mechanisms qualitatively. Results: The mean total volume loss (superior and inferior articulations) of the APG and RP designs was 85 mm3/year and 77 mm3/year, respectively. Burnishing was the predominant wear mechanism, and to a lesser extent scratching, abrasion and pitting. Multidirectional scratching and abrasion were noted on the APG inserts inferiorly, whereas there was circumferential scratching on the RP inserts. Interpretation: Our short-term results for the APG and RP mobile bearing designs are similar and compare more than favorably with reported values for fixedbearing designs. However, increased backside wear due to multidirectional movement may predispose the APG design to greater wear in the long term. Copyright

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)364-370
Number of pages7
JournalActa Orthopaedica
Volume78
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2007
Externally publishedYes

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Polyethylene
Arthroplasty
Electron Scanning Microscopy
Knee
Equipment and Supplies

Cite this

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title = "Quantification of polyethylene degradation in mobile bearing knees: A retrieval analysis of the Anterior-Posterior-Glide (APG) and Rotating Platform (RP) Low Contact Stress (LCS) knee",
abstract = "Background: Routine qualitative observations of more than 850 polyethylene fixed and mobile bearings at our institution have noted minimal wear of mobile bearings. The APG mobile bearing is the most recent design variant of the LCS knee, allows multi-directional movement at the tibiofemoral articulation, and is posterior cruciate sparing. Even though it is difficult to perform, quantitative wear measurement is important in determining the likely longevity of new arthroplasty devices, and is especially relevant because of increasing numbers of new mobile bearing designs. Patients and methods: We analyzed 10 retrieved APG and 7 retrieved RP tibial bearings (De Puy) with a mean implantation period of 33 (9-70) months. We used coordinate-measuring techniques to quantitatively determine linear penetration, and optical and scanning electron microscopy to assess wear mechanisms qualitatively. Results: The mean total volume loss (superior and inferior articulations) of the APG and RP designs was 85 mm3/year and 77 mm3/year, respectively. Burnishing was the predominant wear mechanism, and to a lesser extent scratching, abrasion and pitting. Multidirectional scratching and abrasion were noted on the APG inserts inferiorly, whereas there was circumferential scratching on the RP inserts. Interpretation: Our short-term results for the APG and RP mobile bearing designs are similar and compare more than favorably with reported values for fixedbearing designs. However, increased backside wear due to multidirectional movement may predispose the APG design to greater wear in the long term. Copyright",
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N2 - Background: Routine qualitative observations of more than 850 polyethylene fixed and mobile bearings at our institution have noted minimal wear of mobile bearings. The APG mobile bearing is the most recent design variant of the LCS knee, allows multi-directional movement at the tibiofemoral articulation, and is posterior cruciate sparing. Even though it is difficult to perform, quantitative wear measurement is important in determining the likely longevity of new arthroplasty devices, and is especially relevant because of increasing numbers of new mobile bearing designs. Patients and methods: We analyzed 10 retrieved APG and 7 retrieved RP tibial bearings (De Puy) with a mean implantation period of 33 (9-70) months. We used coordinate-measuring techniques to quantitatively determine linear penetration, and optical and scanning electron microscopy to assess wear mechanisms qualitatively. Results: The mean total volume loss (superior and inferior articulations) of the APG and RP designs was 85 mm3/year and 77 mm3/year, respectively. Burnishing was the predominant wear mechanism, and to a lesser extent scratching, abrasion and pitting. Multidirectional scratching and abrasion were noted on the APG inserts inferiorly, whereas there was circumferential scratching on the RP inserts. Interpretation: Our short-term results for the APG and RP mobile bearing designs are similar and compare more than favorably with reported values for fixedbearing designs. However, increased backside wear due to multidirectional movement may predispose the APG design to greater wear in the long term. Copyright

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