Quality of life in Chinese patients with schizophrenia treated in primary care

Yan Li, Cai-Lan Hou, Xin Rong Ma, Bao Liang Zhong, Yu Zang, Fu-Jun Jia, Yong Qiang Lin, Kelly Y.C. Lai, Helen F K Chiu, Gabor S. Ungvari, Brian J. Hall, Mei Ying Cai, Chee H. Ng, Yu-Tao Xiang

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    Abstract

    In China, maintenance treatment for clinically stable patients with schizophrenia is usually provided by primary care physicians. This study examined the quality of life (QOL) in patients with schizophrenia treated in primary care and explored the demographic and clinical characteristics associated with QOL. Altogether, 612 patients with schizophrenia treated in 22 randomly selected primary care services in China formed the study sample. QOL, psychotic and depressive symptoms, extra-pyramidal symptoms and insight were assessed using standardized instruments. Data analyses were conducted with the one sample t-test and multiple linear regression analyses. Compared with the normative data for the Chinese general population, significantly lower scores in physical and mental QOL domains were found in the patient group. Older age, being unemployed, major medical conditions, no smoking, more severe depressive and negative symptoms, more frequent insomnia, and suicidality were independently associated with poor physical QOL. Male gender, more severe depressive and anxiety symptoms, more frequent insomnia, and suicidality were independently associated with poor mental QOL. Patients with schizophrenia treated in primary care had lower level of QOL in comparison with general population. Effective measures need to be implemented to improve their QOL.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)80-84
    Number of pages5
    JournalPsychiatry Research
    Volume254
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017

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    Li, Y., Hou, C-L., Ma, X. R., Zhong, B. L., Zang, Y., Jia, F-J., ... Xiang, Y-T. (2017). Quality of life in Chinese patients with schizophrenia treated in primary care. Psychiatry Research, 254, 80-84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2017.04.049