Psychological therapies for auditory hallucinations (voices): Current status and key directions for future research

N. Thomas, M. Hayward, E. Peters, M. Van Der Gaag, R.P. Bentall, J.A. Jenner, C. Strauss, I.E.C. Sommer, L.C. Johns, F. Varese, J.M. García-Montes, Flavie Waters, G.S. Dodgson, S. Mccarthy-Jones

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    79 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This report from the International Consortium on Hallucinations Research considers the current status and future directions in research on psychological therapies targeting auditory hallucinations (hearing voices). Therapy approaches have evolved from behavioral and coping-focused interventions, through formulation-driven interventions using methods from cognitive therapy, to a number of contemporary developments. Recent developments include the application of acceptance- and mindfulness-based approaches, and consolidation of methods for working with connections between voices and views of self, others, relationships and personal history. In this article, we discuss the development of therapies for voices and review the empirical findings. This review shows that psychological therapies are broadly effective for people with positive symptoms, but that more research is required to understand the specific application of therapies to voices. Six key research directions are identified: (1) moving beyond the focus on overall efficacy to understand specific therapeutic processes targeting voices, (2) better targeting psychological processes associated with voices such as trauma, cognitive mechanisms, and personal recovery, (3) more focused measurement of the intended outcomes of therapy, (4) understanding individual differences among voice hearers, (5) extending beyond a focus on voices and schizophrenia into other populations and sensory modalities, and (6) shaping interventions for service implementation. © 2014 The Author.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)S202-S212
    JournalSchizophrenia Bulletin
    Volume40
    Issue numberSUPPL. 4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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    Hallucinations
    Psychology
    Therapeutics
    Research
    Mindfulness
    Direction compound
    Cognitive Therapy
    Individuality
    Hearing
    Schizophrenia
    Wounds and Injuries
    Population

    Cite this

    Thomas, N., Hayward, M., Peters, E., Van Der Gaag, M., Bentall, R. P., Jenner, J. A., ... Mccarthy-Jones, S. (2014). Psychological therapies for auditory hallucinations (voices): Current status and key directions for future research. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 40(SUPPL. 4), S202-S212. https://doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbu037
    Thomas, N. ; Hayward, M. ; Peters, E. ; Van Der Gaag, M. ; Bentall, R.P. ; Jenner, J.A. ; Strauss, C. ; Sommer, I.E.C. ; Johns, L.C. ; Varese, F. ; García-Montes, J.M. ; Waters, Flavie ; Dodgson, G.S. ; Mccarthy-Jones, S. / Psychological therapies for auditory hallucinations (voices): Current status and key directions for future research. In: Schizophrenia Bulletin. 2014 ; Vol. 40, No. SUPPL. 4. pp. S202-S212.
    @article{7f697e28043d472abcba79748a51edc0,
    title = "Psychological therapies for auditory hallucinations (voices): Current status and key directions for future research",
    abstract = "This report from the International Consortium on Hallucinations Research considers the current status and future directions in research on psychological therapies targeting auditory hallucinations (hearing voices). Therapy approaches have evolved from behavioral and coping-focused interventions, through formulation-driven interventions using methods from cognitive therapy, to a number of contemporary developments. Recent developments include the application of acceptance- and mindfulness-based approaches, and consolidation of methods for working with connections between voices and views of self, others, relationships and personal history. In this article, we discuss the development of therapies for voices and review the empirical findings. This review shows that psychological therapies are broadly effective for people with positive symptoms, but that more research is required to understand the specific application of therapies to voices. Six key research directions are identified: (1) moving beyond the focus on overall efficacy to understand specific therapeutic processes targeting voices, (2) better targeting psychological processes associated with voices such as trauma, cognitive mechanisms, and personal recovery, (3) more focused measurement of the intended outcomes of therapy, (4) understanding individual differences among voice hearers, (5) extending beyond a focus on voices and schizophrenia into other populations and sensory modalities, and (6) shaping interventions for service implementation. {\circledC} 2014 The Author.",
    author = "N. Thomas and M. Hayward and E. Peters and {Van Der Gaag}, M. and R.P. Bentall and J.A. Jenner and C. Strauss and I.E.C. Sommer and L.C. Johns and F. Varese and J.M. Garc{\'i}a-Montes and Flavie Waters and G.S. Dodgson and S. Mccarthy-Jones",
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    Thomas, N, Hayward, M, Peters, E, Van Der Gaag, M, Bentall, RP, Jenner, JA, Strauss, C, Sommer, IEC, Johns, LC, Varese, F, García-Montes, JM, Waters, F, Dodgson, GS & Mccarthy-Jones, S 2014, 'Psychological therapies for auditory hallucinations (voices): Current status and key directions for future research' Schizophrenia Bulletin, vol. 40, no. SUPPL. 4, pp. S202-S212. https://doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbu037

    Psychological therapies for auditory hallucinations (voices): Current status and key directions for future research. / Thomas, N.; Hayward, M.; Peters, E.; Van Der Gaag, M.; Bentall, R.P.; Jenner, J.A.; Strauss, C.; Sommer, I.E.C.; Johns, L.C.; Varese, F.; García-Montes, J.M.; Waters, Flavie; Dodgson, G.S.; Mccarthy-Jones, S.

    In: Schizophrenia Bulletin, Vol. 40, No. SUPPL. 4, 2014, p. S202-S212.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Psychological therapies for auditory hallucinations (voices): Current status and key directions for future research

    AU - Thomas, N.

    AU - Hayward, M.

    AU - Peters, E.

    AU - Van Der Gaag, M.

    AU - Bentall, R.P.

    AU - Jenner, J.A.

    AU - Strauss, C.

    AU - Sommer, I.E.C.

    AU - Johns, L.C.

    AU - Varese, F.

    AU - García-Montes, J.M.

    AU - Waters, Flavie

    AU - Dodgson, G.S.

    AU - Mccarthy-Jones, S.

    PY - 2014

    Y1 - 2014

    N2 - This report from the International Consortium on Hallucinations Research considers the current status and future directions in research on psychological therapies targeting auditory hallucinations (hearing voices). Therapy approaches have evolved from behavioral and coping-focused interventions, through formulation-driven interventions using methods from cognitive therapy, to a number of contemporary developments. Recent developments include the application of acceptance- and mindfulness-based approaches, and consolidation of methods for working with connections between voices and views of self, others, relationships and personal history. In this article, we discuss the development of therapies for voices and review the empirical findings. This review shows that psychological therapies are broadly effective for people with positive symptoms, but that more research is required to understand the specific application of therapies to voices. Six key research directions are identified: (1) moving beyond the focus on overall efficacy to understand specific therapeutic processes targeting voices, (2) better targeting psychological processes associated with voices such as trauma, cognitive mechanisms, and personal recovery, (3) more focused measurement of the intended outcomes of therapy, (4) understanding individual differences among voice hearers, (5) extending beyond a focus on voices and schizophrenia into other populations and sensory modalities, and (6) shaping interventions for service implementation. © 2014 The Author.

    AB - This report from the International Consortium on Hallucinations Research considers the current status and future directions in research on psychological therapies targeting auditory hallucinations (hearing voices). Therapy approaches have evolved from behavioral and coping-focused interventions, through formulation-driven interventions using methods from cognitive therapy, to a number of contemporary developments. Recent developments include the application of acceptance- and mindfulness-based approaches, and consolidation of methods for working with connections between voices and views of self, others, relationships and personal history. In this article, we discuss the development of therapies for voices and review the empirical findings. This review shows that psychological therapies are broadly effective for people with positive symptoms, but that more research is required to understand the specific application of therapies to voices. Six key research directions are identified: (1) moving beyond the focus on overall efficacy to understand specific therapeutic processes targeting voices, (2) better targeting psychological processes associated with voices such as trauma, cognitive mechanisms, and personal recovery, (3) more focused measurement of the intended outcomes of therapy, (4) understanding individual differences among voice hearers, (5) extending beyond a focus on voices and schizophrenia into other populations and sensory modalities, and (6) shaping interventions for service implementation. © 2014 The Author.

    U2 - 10.1093/schbul/sbu037

    DO - 10.1093/schbul/sbu037

    M3 - Article

    VL - 40

    SP - S202-S212

    JO - Schizophrenia Bulletin

    JF - Schizophrenia Bulletin

    SN - 0586-7614

    IS - SUPPL. 4

    ER -