Psychiatric Illness and Parasomnias: a Systematic Review

Flavie Waters, Umberto Moretto, Thien Thanh Dang-Vu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose of Review: Little is known about the presence of parasomnias such as nightmare disorder, sleep paralysis, REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), and sleep-related eating disorders (SRED) in people with mental illness. A predominant view suggests that psychotropic medications might be contributing to parasomnias. This article summarizes knowledge regarding the relationships between psychiatric disorders and parasomnias, and possible confounds. A systematic search of the literature in the past 10 years identified 19 articles. Recent Findings: There were significantly elevated rates of parasomnias in psychiatric disorders (average prevalence of nightmares was 38.9%, sleep paralysis 22.3%, SRED 9.9%, sleepwalking 8.5%, and RBD 3.8%). Medication usage was only one of many risk factors (other sleep disorders, medical comorbidities, and substance abuse) which were associated with parasomnias. Summary: A strong association exists between mental illness and parasomnias which is not fully explained by medications. Prospective longitudinal studies are needed to develop a better understanding of the unique and shared variance from multiple risk factors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number37
JournalCurrent Psychiatry Reports
Volume19
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017

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Parasomnias
Psychiatry
Sleep Paralysis
REM Sleep Behavior Disorder
Sleep
Somnambulism
Substance-Related Disorders
Longitudinal Studies
Comorbidity
Prospective Studies

Cite this

Waters, Flavie ; Moretto, Umberto ; Dang-Vu, Thien Thanh. / Psychiatric Illness and Parasomnias : a Systematic Review. In: Current Psychiatry Reports. 2017 ; Vol. 19, No. 7.
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Psychiatric Illness and Parasomnias : a Systematic Review. / Waters, Flavie; Moretto, Umberto; Dang-Vu, Thien Thanh.

In: Current Psychiatry Reports, Vol. 19, No. 7, 37, 01.07.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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