Providing better-matched donors for HLA mismatched compatible pairs through kidney paired donation

Paolo Ferrari, Linda Cantwell, Joseph Ta, Claudia Woodroffe, Lloyd D'Orsogna, Rhonda Holdsworth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Participation of compatible pairs (CP) in kidney paired donation (KPD) could be attractive to CPs who have a high degree of HLA mismatch, if the CP recipient will gain a better HLA match. Because KPD programs were not designed to help CP, it is important to define allocation metrics that enable CP to receive a better-matched kidney, without disadvantage to incompatible pairs (ICP). Methods. Simulations using 46 ICPs and 11 fully HLA-mismatched CPs were undertaken using the Australian KPD matching algorithm. Allocations were preformed adding 1 CP at a time or all 11 CPs at once, and with and without exclusion of unacceptable antigens selected to give a virtual calculated panel-reactive antibody ranging 70%to 80%to improve HLAmatching in CP recipients. Results. On average, most CP recipients could be matched and had a lower eplet mismatch (EpMM) with the matched donor (57 ± 15) than with their own donor (78 ± 19, P < 0.02). However, only recipients who had an EpMMto own donor greater than 65 achieved a significant reduction in the EpMM with the matched donor. The gain in EpMM was larger when CPs were listed with unacceptable antigens. Furthermore, inclusion of 1 CP at a time increased matching in ICP by up to 33%, and inclusion of all 11 CPs at once increased ICP matching by 50%. Conclusions. Compatible pair participation in KPD can increase match rates in ICP and can provide a better immunological profile in CP recipients who have a high EpMM to their own donor when using allocation based on virtual crossmatch.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)642-648
Number of pages7
JournalTransplantation
Volume101
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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