Proterozoic evolution and tectonic setting of the northwest Paterson Orogen, Western Australia

Leon Bagas

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75 Citations (Scopus)


The Proterozoic igneous, deformation and metamorphic histories of the Palaeoproterozoic Rudall Complex in the northwestern Paterson Orogen can be linked to those of the Arunta Inlier in central Australia, and in part with the Capricorn Orogen in central Western Australia. The similarities in deformation and metamorphic histories for these widely separated regions indicate a Palaeoproterozoic continent–continent collisional event between the Palaeoproterozoic West Australian and North Australian cratons between c. 1830 and 1765 Ma. In the Paterson Orogen this Palaeoproterozoic collisional event resulted in the Yapungku Orogeny, which included thrust stacking of clastic sedimentary and volcanic rocks, deposition of the protoliths for the c. 1790 Ma siliciclastic paragneiss succession contemporaneous with granitic intrusion, and metamorphism up to granulite facies. During this 65-million-year period, the Arunta Inlier and Capricorn Orogen were deformed, metamorphosed at medium to high grades and intruded by granitoids during the Strangways Orogeny in the Arunta Inlier and the Capricorn Orogeny in the Capricorn Orogen.

The Neoproterozoic Tarcunyah, Throssell and Lamil groups are clastic sedimentary sequences that were deposited after 1070 Ma in the northwestern Paterson Orogen, and deformed by the Miles Orogeny before 678 Ma. The Miles Orogeny produced a northwesterly trending fold and fault system of tight to isoclinal upright and overturned folds and thrust faults. The orogeny may have been coincident with the c. 750–720 Ma Areyonga tectonic movement affecting the Arunta Inlier and the lower Neoproterozoic part of the Amadeus Basin in central Australia. At c. 550 Ma the Paterson Orogeny, which is most likely equivalent to the Petermann Orogeny in the Musgrave Complex of central Australia, deformed the northwestern Paterson Orogen and was preceded by local intrusion of granites.

The similarities of styles and timing of deformation in the northwestern Paterson Orogen, Arunta Inlier and Capricorn Orogen indicate that these three regions were probably linked during most of the Proterozoic.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)475-496
JournalPrecambrian Research
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2004


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