Protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1 modulates T cell responses by controlling Cbl-b degradation

Y. Xiao, G. Qiao, J. Tang, R. Tang, H. Guo, S. Warwar, Wallace Langdon, L. Tao, J. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


Copyright © 2015 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc. Previously, we demonstrated that CD28 and CTLA-4 signaling control Casitas-B-lineage lymphoma (Cbl)-b protein expression, which is critical for T cell activation and tolerance induction. However, the molecular mechanism(s) of this regulation remains to be elucidated. In this study, we found that Cbl-b fails to undergo tyrosine phosphorylation upon CD3 stimulation because SHP-1 is recruited to and dephosphorylates Cbl-b, whereas CD28 costimulation abrogates this interaction. In support of this finding, T cells lacking SHP-1 display heightened tyrosine phosphorylation and ubiquitination of Cbl-b upon TCR stimulation, which correlates with decreased levels of Cbl-b protein. The aberrant Th2 phenotype observed in T cell-specific Shp1-/- mice is reminiscent of heightened Th2 response in Cblb-/- mice. Indeed, overexpressing Cbl-b in T cell-specific Shp1-/- T cells not only inhibits heightened Th2 differentiation in vitro, but also Th2 responses and allergic airway inflammation in vivo. Therefore, SHP-1 regulates Cbl-b-mediated T cell responses by controlling its tyrosine phosphorylation and ubiquitination.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4218-4227
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2015


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