Protective effects of curcumin on ischemia/reperfusion injury

Malihe Mohamadian, Negin Parsamanesh, Hossein Chiti, Thozhukat Sathyapalan, Amirhossein Sahebkar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is a term used to describe phenomena connected to the dysfunction of various tissue damage due to reperfusion after ischemic injury. While I/R may result in systemic inflammatory response syndrome or multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, there is still a long way to improve therapeutic outcomes. A number of cellular metabolic and ultrastructural alterations occur by prolonged ischemia. Ischemia increases the expression of proinflammatory gene products and bioactive substances within the endothelium, such as cytokines, leukocytes, and adhesion molecules, even as suppressing the expression of other "protective" gene products and substances, such as thrombomodulin and constitutive nitric oxide synthase (e.g., prostacyclin, nitric oxide [NO]). Curcumin is the primary phenolic pigment derived from turmeric, the powdered rhizome of Curcuma longa. Numerous studies have shown that curcumin has strong antiinflammatory and antioxidant characteristics. It also prevents lipid peroxidation and scavenges free radicals like superoxide anion, singlet oxygen, NO, and hydroxyl. In our study, we highlight the mechanisms of protective effects of curcumin against I/R injury in various organs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4299-4324
Number of pages26
JournalPhytotherapy Research
Volume36
Issue number12
Early online date19 Sep 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

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