Prosthesis control using spike rate coding in the retina photoreceptor cells

Coen Arrow, Hancong Wu, Seungbum Baek, Herbert H.C. Iu, Kia Nazarpour, Jason K. Eshraghian

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperConference paperpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Volitional control of prostheses is most commonly achieved by myoelectric signalling. The electromyograph (EMG) is detected and processed by a controller, that decodes and relates the signal to the corresponding position of the prosthetic. Myoelectric signalling is limited in users by two factors: lack of nerve endings corresponding to the position of the amputation, and neurological damage resulting in poor signal control. Improved prosthesis control has been demonstrated by the addition of feedback sensors based on computer vision and inertial measurement units. Computer vision requires a significant level of processing, resulting in a high latency and high power usage. In this paper, we propose a means of overcoming this limitation by use of in-vivo retinal signalling to complement EMG for improved control. This is demonstrated using a real-time conductance-based simulator as the sole method of control for an upper-limb prosthesis. Input image streams are received by a camera and used to activate the combined rod and cone photoreceptor cell responses. This in turn generates a spike train which is counted and averaged over time, and passed to an Arduino-based control system which modulates the behavior of the prosthesis. We seek to use this system to lower the experimental barriers of in-vivo ganglion electrical signalling by presenting a way to use retina emulation. A link to the simulator is provided.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2021 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, ISCAS 2021 - Proceedings
PublisherIEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
ISBN (Electronic)9781728192017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event53rd IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, ISCAS 2021 - Daegu, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 22 May 202128 May 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems
Volume2021-May
ISSN (Print)0271-4310

Conference

Conference53rd IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, ISCAS 2021
Abbreviated titleISCAS 2021
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of
CityDaegu
Period22/05/2128/05/21

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