@article{3754548c079d41edbe2c6595da0a9dc1,

title = "Prospects for observing and localizing gravitational-wave transients with Advanced LIGO, Advanced Virgo and KAGRA",

abstract = "We present our current best estimate of the plausible observing scenarios for the Advanced LIGO, Advanced Virgo and KAGRA gravitational-wave detectors over the next several years, with the intention of providing information to facilitate planning for multi-messenger astronomy with gravitational waves. We estimate the sensitivity of the network to transient gravitational-wave signals for the third (O3), fourth (O4) and fifth observing (O5) runs, including the planned upgrades of the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo detectors. We study the capability of the network to determine the sky location of the source for gravitational-wave signals from the inspiral of binary systems of compact objects, that is binary neutron star, neutron star–black hole, and binary black hole systems. The ability to localize the sources is given as a sky-area probability, luminosity distance, and comoving volume. The median sky localization area (90% credible region) is expected to be a few hundreds of square degrees for all types of binary systems during O3 with the Advanced LIGO and Virgo (HLV) network. The median sky localization area will improve to a few tens of square degrees during O4 with the Advanced LIGO, Virgo, and KAGRA (HLVK) network. During O3, the median localization volume (90% credible region) is expected to be on the order of 105,106,107Mpc3 for binary neutron star, neutron star–black hole, and binary black hole systems, respectively. The localization volume in O4 is expected to be about a factor two smaller than in O3. We predict a detection count of 1-1+12(10-10+52) for binary neutron star mergers, of 0-0+19(1-1+91) for neutron star–black hole mergers, and 17-11+22(79-44+89) for binary black hole mergers in a one-calendar-year observing run of the HLV network during O3 (HLVK network during O4). We evaluate sensitivity and localization expectations for unmodeled signal searches, including the search for intermediate mass black hole binary mergers.",

keywords = "Data analysis, Electromagnetic counterparts, Gravitational waves, Gravitational-wave detectors",

author = "{KAGRA Collaboration} and {LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaborations} and Abbott, {B. P.} and R. Abbott and Abbott, {T. D.} and S. Abraham and F. Acernese and K. Ackley and C. Adams and Adya, {V. B.} and C. Affeldt and M. Agathos and K. Agatsuma and N. Aggarwal and Aguiar, {O. D.} and L. Aiello and A. Ain and P. Ajith and T. Akutsu and G. Allen and A. Allocca and Aloy, {M. A.} and Altin, {P. A.} and A. Amato and A. Ananyeva and Anderson, {S. B.} and Anderson, {W. G.} and M. Ando and Angelova, {S. V.} and S. Antier and S. Appert and K. Arai and Koya Arai and Y. Arai and S. Araki and A. Araya and Araya, {M. C.} and Areeda, {J. S.} and M. Ar{\`e}ne and N. Aritomi and N. Arnaud and Arun, {K. G.} and S. Ascenzi and G. Ashton and Y. Aso and Aston, {S. M.} and P. Astone and F. Aubin and P. Aufmuth and K. AultONeal and C. Austin and V. Avendano and A. Avila-Alvarez and S. Babak and P. Bacon and F. Badaracco and Bader, {M. K.M.} and Bae, {S. W.} and Bae, {Y. B.} and L. Baiotti and R. Bajpai and Baker, {P. T.} and F. Baldaccini and G. Ballardin and Ballmer, {S. W.} and S. Banagiri and Barayoga, {J. C.} and Barclay, {S. E.} and Barish, {B. C.} and D. Barker and K. Barkett and S. Barnum and F. Barone and B. Barr and L. Barsotti and M. Barsuglia and D. Barta and J. Bartlett and Barton, {M. A.} and I. Bartos and R. Bassiri and A. Basti and M. Bawaj and Bayley, {J. C.} and M. Bazzan and B. B{\'e}csy and M. Bejger and I. Belahcene and Bell, {A. S.} and D. Beniwal and Berger, {B. K.} and G. Bergmann and S. Bernuzzi and Bero, {J. J.} and Berry, {C. P.L.} and D. Bersanetti and A. Bertolini and J. Betzwieser and R. Bhandare and J. Bidler and Bilenko, {I. A.} and Bilgili, {S. A.} and G. Billingsley and J. Birch and R. Birney and O. Birnholtz and S. Biscans and S. Biscoveanu and A. Bisht and M. Bitossi and Bizouard, {M. A.} and Blackburn, {J. K.} and Blair, {C. D.} and Blair, {D. G.} and Blair, {R. M.} and S. Bloemen and N. Bode and M. Boer and Y. Boetzel and G. Bogaert and F. Bondu and E. Bonilla and R. Bonnand and P. Booker and Boom, {B. A.} and Booth, {C. D.} and R. Bork and V. Boschi and S. Bose and K. Bossie and V. Bossilkov and J. Bosveld and Y. Bouffanais and A. Bozzi and C. Bradaschia and Brady, {P. R.} and A. Bramley and M. Branchesi and Brau, {J. E.} and T. Briant and Briggs, {J. H.} and F. Brighenti and A. Brillet and M. Brinkmann and V. Brisson and P. Brockill and Brooks, {A. F.} and Brown, {D. A.} and Brown, {D. D.} and S. Brunett and A. Buikema and T. Bulik and Bulten, {H. J.} and A. Buonanno and D. Buskulic and C. Buy and Byer, {R. L.} and M. Cabero and L. Cadonati and G. Cagnoli and C. Cahillane and Bustillo, {J. Calder{\'o}n} and Callister, {T. A.} and E. Calloni and Camp, {J. B.} and Campbell, {W. A.} and M. Canepa and K. Cannon and Cannon, {K. C.} and H. Cao and J. Cao and E. Capocasa and F. Carbognani and S. Caride and Carney, {M. F.} and G. Carullo and Diaz, {J. Casanueva} and C. Casentini and S. Caudill and M. Cavagli{\`a} and F. Cavalier and R. Cavalieri and G. Cella and P. Cerd{\'a}-Dur{\'a}n and G. Cerretani and E. Cesarini and O. Chaibi and K. Chakravarti and Chamberlin, {S. J.} and M. Chan and Chan, {M. L.} and S. Chao and P. Charlton and Chase, {E. A.} and E. Chassande-Mottin and D. Chatterjee and M. Chaturvedi and K. Chatziioannou and Cheeseboro, {B. D.} and Chen, {C. S.} and Chen, {H. Y.} and Chen, {K. H.} and X. Chen and Y. Chen and Chen, {Y. R.} and Cheng, {H. P.} and Cheong, {C. K.} and Chia, {H. Y.} and A. Chincarini and A. Chiummo and G. Cho and Cho, {H. S.} and M. Cho and N. Christensen and Chu, {H. Y.} and Q. Chu and Chu, {Y. K.} and S. Chua and Chung, {K. W.} and S. Chung and G. Ciani and Ciobanu, {A. A.} and R. Ciolfi and F. Cipriano and A. Cirone and F. Clara and Clark, {J. A.} and P. Clearwater and F. Cleva and C. Cocchieri and E. Coccia and Cohadon, {P. F.} and D. Cohen and R. Colgan and M. Colleoni and Collette, {C. G.} and C. Collins and Cominsky, {L. R.} and M. Constancio and L. Conti and Cooper, {S. J.} and Coward, {D. M.} and Danilishin, {S. L.} and J. Degallaix and L. Ju and J. Liu and McCann, {J. J.} and Page, {M. A.} and Slaven-Blair, {T. J.} and L. Wen and C. Zhao and Zhu, {X. J.}",

year = "2020",

month = dec,

day = "1",

doi = "10.1007/s41114-020-00026-9",

language = "English",

volume = "23",

journal = "Living Reviews in Relativity",

issn = "2367-3613",

publisher = "Albert Einstein Institut",

number = "1",

}